In summer 2018 along the route of the 71st cruise of RV Akademik Mstislav Keldysh in the North Atlantic we carried out the measurements of such atmospheric aerosol characteristics as aerosol optical depth, near-surface aerosol and black carbon concentrations, content of chemical elements in aerosol samples, and organic and elemental carbon, as well as the isotopic composition of black carbon. It is shown that the average values of most characteristics decrease severalfold during passage from the Baltic Sea to the North Atlantic (57°–60° N), and then to the Norwegian Sea. For instance, the average black carbon concentration decreased from 83 to 29 ng/m3. Episodic impact of continental aerosol was noted even in remote regions of ocean. Outflow of smokes from forest fires in the north of Canada to the region of measurements (southward of Greenland) had the strongest effect on aerosol characteristics. The average concentrations of chemical elements in aerosol composition over the North Atlantic were several times larger than in the Arctic region, and smaller than in the background region of Siberia.
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The authors thank V. S. Kozlov and V. P. Shmargunov for preparation and testing of instrumentation for expedition measurements.
The elemental composition of aerosol was determined using instrumentation owned by the Center for Collective Use at the Siberian Synchrotron and Terahertz Radiation Center on the basis of the Unique Scientific Installation “Complex of electron-positron colliders VEPP-4 –VEPP-2000” in the Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, supported by the project RFMEFI62119X0022. This work was performed under State Assignment for the Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences.
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Translated by O. Bazhenov
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Sakerin, S.M., Zenkova, P.N., Kabanov, D.M. et al. Results of Studying Physicochemical Characteristics of Atmospheric Aerosol in the 71st Cruise of RV Akademik Mstislav Keldysh . Atmos Ocean Opt 33, 470–479 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1024856020050164
- atmosphere of the North Atlantic
- aerosol and black carbon
- organic and elemental carbon contents
- chemical and isotopic compositions