The technique and results of the study of optical and microphysical characteristics of contrails with the use of the unique high-altitude polarization lidar of the National Research Tomsk State University are described. The microstructure parameters of ensembles of crystalline particles were estimated by comparing elements of light backscattering matrices calculated theoretically and obtained experimentally. It is shown that the condensation trail appearing in the atmosphere behind the plane 30–40 min after the emission of fuel combustion products from the engines consists of small chaotically oriented ice particles, mostly of the column shape.
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This work was supported by the Tomsk State University D. I. Mendeleev Foundation Program and the Tomsk State University Competitiveness Improvement Program for 2013–2020. Calculations of the optical model were supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project nos. 18-05-00568 and 18-55-53 046). Interpretation of the lidar data was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (agreement no. 18-77-10 035).
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Translated by A. Nikol’skii
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Samokhvalov, I.V., Bryukhanov, I.D., Shishko, V.A. et al. Estimation of Microphysical Characteristics of Contrails by Polarization Lidar Data: Theory and Experiment. Atmos Ocean Opt 32, 400–409 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1024856019040122
- polarization lidar
- backscattering phase matrix