Skip to main content

Comparison of Average Aerosol Characteristics in Neighboring Arctic Regions


We discuss the results of comparison of the average physicochemical aerosol characteristics in neighboring regions: in the Arctic settlement Barentsburg (Spitsbergen Archipelago) and over the Barents Sea. A small (less than 0.02) excess of the atmospheric aerosol optical depth in the island area over the maritime region is noted. The aerosol microphysical characteristics in the near-ground layer differ strongly: the black carbon concentrations are (a factor of 4) larger in Barentsburg, and particle concentrations are (a factor of 2.4) larger over the sea. The absolute concentrations of ions in the atmosphere of Barentsburg are several-fold smaller than over the sea. However, with respect to the relative content, Na+, Cl and \({\text{NH}}_{4}^{ + }\), \({\text{SO}}_{4}^{{2 - }}\) ions predominate in both regions, indicating equivalent contributions of continental and maritime sources.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.


  1. C. Tomasi, A. A. Kokhanovsky, A. Lupi, C. Ritter, A. Smirnov, M. Mazzola, R. S. Stone, C. Lanconelli, V. Vitale, B. N. Holben, S. Nyeki, C. Wehrli, V. Altonen, G. de Leeuw, E. Rodriguez, A. B. Herber, K. Stebel, A. Stohl, N. T. O' Neill, V. F. Radionov, T. Zielinski, T. Petelski, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, Y. Xue, L. Mei, L. Istomina, R. Wagener, B. McArthur, P. S. Sobolewski, J. Butler, R. Kivi, Y. Courcoux, P. Larouche, S. Broccardo, and S. J. Piketh, “Aerosol remote sensing in polar regions,” Earth-Sci. Rev. 140, 108–157 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. N. C. Shantz, I. Gultepe, E. Andrews, A. Zelenyuk, M. E. Earle, A. M. Macdonald, P. S. K. Liua, and W. R. Leaitch, “Optical, physical, and chemical properties of springtime aerosol over Barrow Alaska in 2008,” Int. J. Climatol. 34, 3125–3138 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. K. Eleftheriadis, S. Vratolis, and S. Nyeki, “Aerosol black carbon in the European Arctic: Measurements at Zeppelin Station, NyAlesund, Svalbard from 1998–2007,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L02809 (2009).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. A. Herber, L. W. Thomason, H. Gernandt, U. Leiterer, D. Nagel, K. Schulz, J. Kaptur, T. Albrecht, and J. Notholt, “Continuous day and night aerosol optical depth observations in the Arctic between 1991 and 1999,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 4097 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. B. Croft, R. V. Martin, W. R. Leaitch, P. Tunved, T. J. Breider, S. D. D’Andrea, and J. R. Pierce, “Processes controlling the annual cycle of Arctic aerosol number and size distributions,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16, 3665–3682 (2016).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Y.-C. Chen, B. Hamre, Q. Frette, D. Muyimbwa, S. Blindheim, K. Stebel, P. Sobolewski, C. Toledano, and J. Stamnes, “Aerosol optical properties in Northern Norway and Svalbard,” Appl. Opt. 55 (4), 660–672 (2016).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. R. S. Stone, S. Sharma, A. Herber, K. Eleftheriadis, and D. W. Nelson, “A characterization of Arctic aerosols on the basis of aerosol optical depth and black carbon measurements,” Elementa. Sci. Anth. 2, 27 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. V. P. Shevchenko, A. A. Vinogradova, A. P. Lisitsyn, A. N. Navigatskii, and N. V. Goryunova, “Atmospheric aerosol as a source of sediment in the Arctic Ocean,” in The System of the Laptevs Sea and Adjacent Arctic Seas: Current Status and History of Development (Moscow State University, Moscow, 2009), p. 150–172 [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  9. V. P. Shevchenko, D. P. Starodymova, A. A. Vinogradova, A. P. Lisitsyn, V. I. Makarov, S. A. Popova, V. V. Sivonen, and V. P. Sivonen, “Elemental and organic carbon in atmospheric aerosols over the northwestern coast of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 461 (1), 242–246 (2015).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. D. P. Starodumova, A. A. Vinogradova, V. P. Shevchenko, E. V. Zakharova, V. V. Sivonen, and V. P. Sivonen, “Elemental composition of near-ground aerosol near the northwestern coast of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 31 (2), 181–186 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. A. A. Vinogradova and A. B. Vasileva, “Black carbon in air over northern regions of Russia: Sources and spatiotemporal variations,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 30 (6), 533–541 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. A. P. Makshtas and T. Uttal, “Beginning of joint Russian-Americam atmospheric observation in Tiksi,” Ros. Polyarnye Issled., No. 2, 35–38 (2010).

  13. L. M. Savatyugin and I. Yu. Solov’yanova, “Russian scientific center at Spitsbergen Archipelago,” Ros. Polyarnye Issled., No. 1, 13–15 (2011).

  14. A. P. Makshtas and V. T. Sokolov, “The Cape Baranov scientific-research Base—summer surveying season 2014,” Ros. Polyarnye Issled., No. 3, 10–12 (2014).

  15. O. Yu. Antokhina, P. N. Antokhin, V. G. Arshinova, M. Yu. Arshinov, B. D. Belan, S. B. Belan, D. K. Davydov, G. A. Ivlev, A. V. Kozlov, Ph. Nedelec, J.‑D. Paris, T. M. Rasskazchikova, D. E. Savkin, D. V. Simonenkov, T. K. Sklyadneva, G. N. Tolmachev, and A. V. Fofonov, “The vertical distributions of gaseous and aerosol admixtures in air over the Russian Arctic,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 31 (3), 300–310 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. M. Yu. Arshinov, B. D. Belan, N. G. Voronetskaya, A. K. Golovko, D. K. Davydov, A. S. Kozlov, G. S. Pevneva, D. V. Simonenkov, and A. V. Fofonov, “Organic aerosol in air of Siberia and the Arctic. Part 1. Geographic features and temporal dynamics,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 30 (8), 716–722 (2017).

    Google Scholar 

  17. S. M. Sakerin, A. A. Bobrikov, O. A. Bukin, L. P. Golobokova, Vas. V. Polkin, Vik. V. Polkin, K. A. Shmirko, D. M. Kabanov, T. V. Khodzher, N. A. Onischuk, A. N. Pavlov, V. L. Potemkin, and V. F. Radionov, “On measurements of aerosol-gas composition of the atmosphere during two expeditions in 2013 along Northern Sea Route,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 (21), 12413–12443 (2015).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. S. A. Terpugova, P. N. Zenkova, D. M. Kabanov, V. V. Pol’kin, L. P. Golobokova, M. V. Panchenko, S. M. Sakerin, A. P. Lisitsyn, V. P. Shevchenko, N. V. Politova, V. S. Kozlov, T. V. Khodzher, V. P. Shmargunov, and D. G. Chernov, “Results of the study of aerosol characteristics in the atmosphere of the Kara and Barents Seas in summer and autumn 2016,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 31 (5), 507–518 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. S. M. Sakerin, L. P. Golobokova, D. M. Kabanov, V. S. Kozlov, V. F. Radionov, O. R. Sidorova, Yu. S. Turchinovich, T. V. Khodzher, O. I. Khuriganova, and D. G. Chernov, “Seasonal and interannual variability of aerosol parameters in Barentsburg, the Arctic (Spitsbergen Archipelago, 2011–2017),” in Proc. XXIV Intern. Symp. “Atmospheric and Ocean Optcis. Atmospheric Physics”, July 2–5, 2018, Tomsk (Publishing House of IAO SB RAS, Tomsk, 2018), p. S67–S71 [in Russian].

  20. S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, V. F. Radionov, D. G. Chernov, Yu. S. Turchinovich, K. E. Lubo-Lesnichenko, and A. N. Prakhov, “Generalization of results of atmospheric aerosol optical depth measurements on Spitsbergen Archipelago in 2011–2016,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 31 (2), 163–170 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, V. V. Pol’kin, L. P. Golobokova, P. N. Zenkova, A. S. Kessel’, Vas. V. Pol’kin, V. F. Radionov, S. A. Terpugova, A. V. Urazgil’deeva, T. V. Khodzher, and O. I. Khuriganova, “Peculiarities of spatial distribution of aerosol parameters over Arctic seas,” in Proc. XXIV Intern. Symp. “Atmospheric and Ocean Optcis. Atmospheric Physics”, July 2–5, 2018, Tomsk (Publishing House of IAO SB RAS, Tomsk, 2018), p. S22–S26 [in Russian].

  22. Manual for sampling and chemical analysis, EMEP Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe, NILU: EMEP/CCC-Report 1/95 (EMEP, 1996).

  23. L. P. Golobokova, V. V. Pol’kin, D. M. Kabanov, S. A. Terpugova, D. G. Chernov, E. V. Chipanina, T. V. Khodzher, O. G. Netsvetaeva, M. V. Panchenko, and S. M. Sakerin, “Study of atmospheric aerosol in the Russian Arctic,” Led Sneg, No. 2, p. 129–136 (2013).

  24. A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, C. R. McClain, T. F. Eck, S. M. Sakerin, A. Macke, P. Croot, G. Zibordi, P. Quinn, J. Sciare, S. Kinne, M. Harvey, T. Smyth, S. Piketh, T. Zielinski, A. Proshutinsky, J. Goes, D. A. Seigel, P. Larouche, V. F. Radionov, P. Goloub, K. Krishnamoorthy, R. Matarrese, L. Robertson, and F. Jourdin, “Maritime aerosol network as a component of Aerosol Robotic Network,” J. Geoph. Res. 114, D06204 (2009).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. D. M. Kabanov, S. M. Sakerin, I. A. Kruglinskii, C. Ritter, P. S. Sobolewski, and T. Zielinski, “Comparison of atmospheric aerosol optical depths measured with different photometers in three regions of Spitsbergen Archipelago,” Proc. XXIV Intern. Symp. “Atmospheric and Ocean Optcis. Atmospheric Physics”, July 2–5, 2018, Tomsk (Publishing House of IAO SB RAS, Tomsk, 2018), p. S137–S140 [in Russian].

  26. M. A. Sviridenkov, “Retrieval of atmospheric aerosol characteristics from spectral measurements of transparency and small-angle scattering,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 14 (12), 1022–1025 (2001).

    Google Scholar 

  27. S. M. Sakerin, L. P. Golobokova, D. M. Kabanov, and V. V. Pol’kin, and V.F. Radionov, “Zonal distribution of aerosol physicochemical characteristics in the eastern atlantic,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 31 (5), 492–501 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. S. Yamagata, D. Kobayashi, S. Ohta, N. Murao, M. Shiobara, M. Wada, M. Yabuki, H. Konishi, and T. Yamanouchi, “Properties of aerosols and their wet deposition in the arctic spring during ASTAR2004 at Ny-Alesund, Svalbard,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 261–270 (2009).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. R. Udisti, A. Bazzano, S. Becagli, E. Bolzacchini, L. Caiazzo, D. Cappelletti, L. Ferrero, D. Frosini, F. Giardi, M. Grotti, A. Lupi, M. Malandrino, M. Mazzola, B. Moroni, M. Severi, R. Traversi, A. Viola, and V. Vitale, “Sulfate source apportionment in the Ny-Alesund (Svalbard Islands) Arctic aerosol,” Rend. Fiz. Acc. Lincei. 27, 85–94 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. P. K. Quinn, T. S. Bates, K. Schulz, and G. E. Shaw, “Decadal trends in aerosol chemical composition at Barrow, Alaska: 1976–2008,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 8883–8888 (2009).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. M. Fenger, L. L. Sorensen, K. Kristensen, B. Jensen, Q. T. Nguyen, J. K. Nojgaard, A. Massling, H. Skov, T. Becker, and M. Glasius, “Sources of anions in aerosols in northeast Greenland during late winter,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 1569–1578 (2013).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. A. Sirois and L. A. Barrie, “Arctic lower troposphere aerosol trends and composition at Alert, Canada: 1980–1995,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104 (9), 11 599–11 618 (1999).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. V. V. Pol’kin, N. N. Shchelkanov, L. P. Golobokova, and M. V. Panchenko, “Comparison of the techniques for estimating the contribution of continental and marine sources into ion composition of near-water aerosol of the White Sea,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 21 (1), 17–19 (2008).

    Google Scholar 

  34. A. F. Bouwman, D. S. Lee, W. A. H. Asman, F. J. Dentener, K. W. van der Hoeck, and J. G. J. Olivier, “A global high-resolution emission inventory for ammonia,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles, No. 11, 561–587 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. S. N. Behera, M. Sharma, V. P. Aneja, and R. Balasubramanian, “Ammonia in the atmosphere: A review on emission sources, atmospheric chemistry and deposition on terrestrial bodies,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 20 (11), 8092–131 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. O. A. Alekin and Yu. I. Lyakhin, Ocean Chemistry (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1984) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  37. (Cited December 4, 2017).

  38. V. A. Isidorov, Ecological Chemistry (Khimizdat, St. Petersburg, 2001) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

Download references


The authors thank A. V. Gubin, P. N. Zenkova, A. S. Kessel, K. E. Lubo-Lesnichenko, Vas.V. Pol’kin, A. N. Prakhov, A. P. Rostov, O. P. Sidorova, S. A. Terpugova, S. A. Turchinovich, Yu. S. Turchinovich, A. V. Urazgildeeva, and V. P. Shmargunov for participation in measurements and providing instrumentation; as well as B. Holben, A. Smirnov, L. Istomina, L. Yurganov, M. Heller, and S. Kinne for providing the possibility to use the data at MAN-AERONET website.

This work was performed in the framework of the program of the Russian Arctic expedition on the Spitsbergen Archipelago (RAE-Sh) in the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute and with support of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (within Complex Program of Basic Research II.1, project nos. 0368-2018-0014 and 0345-2018-0002).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding authors

Correspondence to S. M. Sakerin or D. M. Kabanov.

Additional information

Translated by O. Bazhenov

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sakerin, S.M., Golobokova, L.P., Kabanov, D.M. et al. Comparison of Average Aerosol Characteristics in Neighboring Arctic Regions. Atmos Ocean Opt 32, 33–40 (2019).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • aerosol
  • black carbon
  • ion composition
  • Spitsbergen
  • Barents Sea