Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 281–289 | Cite as

Turbulent Lidar: II−Experiment

  • I. A. Razenkov
Remote Sensing of Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, and Underlying Surface


Results of field experiments on horizontal paths using the BSA-2 and BSA-3 turbulent lidars, principles and design of which have been described in the first part, are presented. The BSA-2 lidar operated on 2-km path together with an independent image jitter sensor (IJS); and the BSA-3 lidar, on a horizontal 26-km path. The BSA-2 lidar was used in the experiments aimed at the study of the shape of the backscatter amplification peak, which was found to be 6.5 μrad in our experiments; the sounding was performed with apertures of different sizes. The experimental dependence of the q factor of the effect of turbulence on the size of receiving aperture is derived, which agrees satisfactorily with the Vorob’ev formula. The lidar sounding data and results of the data conversion into the structure parameter of the “optical” turbulence С n 2 with the use of the Vorob’ev approximation for homogeneous turbulence are presented. The sounding range was ~10 km. The coefficient of correlation between lidar and IJS data is 0.7–0.8. The sounding in urban environment showed that a horizontal path is not statistically homogeneous; therefore, more complex procedures are to be used for the retrieval of the structure parameter С n 2 when solving the inverse problems of lidar sounding of turbulence.


atmospheric turbulence backscatter amplification effect lidar 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    I. A. Razenkov, “Turbulent lidar. I. Design,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 31 (3), 273–280 (2018).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. A. Banakh and I. A. Razenkov, “Lidar measurements of atmospheric backscattering amplification,” Opt. Spectrosc. 120 (2), 326–334 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    I. A. Razenkov, “Low-cost continuously operating image jitter sensor with a 2-km base,” in Proceedings of the XXII Intern. Symp. “Atmospheric and Ocean Optics. Atmospheric Physics” (Publishing House of IAO SB RAS, 2016), p. B241–B244 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. V. Vorob’ev, “On the applicability of asymptotic formulas of retrieving "optical” turbulence parameters from pulse lidar sounding data: I—Equations,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 30 (2), 156–161 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    V.V. Vorob’ev, “On the applicability of asymptotic formulas of retrieving "optical” turbulence parameters from pulse lidar sounding data: II—Results of numerical simulation,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 30 (2), 162–168 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. A. Konyaev, N. N. Botygina, L. V. Antoshkin, O. N. Emaleev, and V. P. Lukin, “Passive optical methods in measurement of the structure parameter of the air refractive index,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 28 (6), 522–525 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. S. Gurvich, A. I. Kon, V. L. Mironov, and S. S. Khmelevtsov, Laser Radiation in Turbulent Atmosphere (Nauka, Moscow, 1976) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. V. Vorob’ev and A. G. Vinogradov, “Effect of background turbulence in lidar investigations of clear air turbulence,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 27 (2), 134–141 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. G. Vinogradov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, and V. I. Tatarskii, “The effect of intensification of back scattering by bodies that are situated in a medium having random inhomogeneities,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 16 (7), 818–823 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. A. Banakh and I. A. Razenkov, “Refractive turbulence strength estimation based on the laser echo signal amplification effect,” Opt. Lett. 41 (19), 4429–4432 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. A. Banakh and V. L. Mironov, Radar Propagation of Laser Radiation through Turbulent Atmosphere (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1986) [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesTomskRussia

Personalised recommendations