Skip to main content

Elemental Composition of Near-Ground Aerosol Near the Northwestern Coast of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea

Abstract

Aerosol samples PM2.5 (44 filters), collected in 2013–2014 on the coast of the White Sea, were examined for the presence of trace elements. The entire sampling period was divided into conventional seasons: one snow-covered season, when the effect of terrigenous dust is minimal, and two snow-free seasons, when the effects of both anthropogenic and terrigenous sources are distinctly manifested. The snow-free seasons are characterized by the largest dispersion of elemental concentrations. The snow-covered season differs from snow-free seasons by the predominance of the western directions of air mass transport. Analysis of the directions of transport of air masses and aerosol admixtures to the observation site made it possible to identify a few groups of trace elements of natural (La, Nd, Sr, Ga) and predominantly anthropogenic origin (V, Ni, Cu and Pb, Bi, Cd).

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    A. Vinogradova, “Microelements in the composition of Arctic aerosols (review),” Izv. Akad. Nauk, Fiz. Atmos. Okeana 29 (4), 437–456 (1993).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    A. P. Lisitzin, “Arid sedimentation in the oceans and atmospheric particulate matter,” Rus. Geol. Geophys. 52 (10), 1100–1133 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    P. Brimblecombe, Air Composition and Chemistry (University Press, Cambridge, 1996).

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    L. A. Barrie, “Occurences and trends of pollution in the Arctic troposphere,” in Chemical Exchange Between the Atmosphere and Polar Snow, Ed. by E.W. Wolff and R.S. Bales (Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg, 1996), pp. 93–129.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    V. P. Shevchenko, A. P. Lisitsin, V. M. Kuptsov, H. van Malderen, J.-M. Martin, R. van Grieken, W. W. Huang, “Composition of aerosols in the surface boundary layer of the atmosphere over the seas of the western Russian Arctic,” Oceanology 39 (1), 128–136 (1999).

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    N. I. Golubeva, G. G. Matishov, and L. V. Burtseva, “Heavy metal pollution of the atmosphere in open areas of the Barents and White seas,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 387 (9), 1071–1074 (2002).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    W. Maenhaut, G. Ducastel, C. Leck, E. D. Nilsson, and J. Heitzenberg, “Multi-elemental composition and sources of the high Arctic atmospheric aerosol during summer and autumn,” Tellus Ser. B 48, 300–321 (1996).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    A. A. Vinogradova, “Distant evaluation of atmospheric pollution influence on the remote territories,” Geofiz. Protsessy Biosfera 13 (4), 5–20 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    A. A. Vinogradova, L. O. Maksimenkov, and F. A. Pogarskii, “Atmospheric transport of anthropogenic heavy metals from the Kola Peninsula to the surfaces of the White and Barents seas,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 44 (6), 753–762 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    A. A. Vinogradova and Yu. A. Ivanova, “Pollution of central Karelia environment under long-range atmospheric transport of anthropogenic pollutants,” Izv. Akad. Nauk. Ser. Geograf., No. 5, 98–108 (2013).

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP). http://www.emep.int (last access: 25.03.2017).

  12. 12.

    Metal Pollution in Lakes Surrounding the Kostomuksha Ore Dressing Mill in Northwestern RUSSIA. Report No. 2, Ed. by G. Varkonyi, R. Heikkila, and J. Heikkila (Kainuu Regional Environment Centre, 2008).

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    W. Maenhaut, J.-L. Jaffrezo, R. E. Hillamo, T. Makela, and V.-M. Kerminen, “Size-fractionated aerosol composition during an intensive 1997 summer field campaign in Northern Finland,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 150, 345–349 (1999).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    A. A. Vinogradova and E. I. Kotova, “Metals in atmospheric precipitations and in lake waters in the northwest of Russia,” Ekol. Khim. 25 (1), 52–61 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    P. Caritat, M. Ayras, H. Niskavaara, V. Chekushin, I. Bogatyrev, and C. Reimann, “Snow composition in eight catchments in the Central Barents Euro-Arctic region,” Atmos. Environ. 32 (14–15), 2609–2626 (1998).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    V. A. Dauval’ter, M. V. Dauval’ter, N. V. Saltan, and E. N. Semenov, “Chemical composition of atmospheric precipitates within the influence zone of the Severonikel Smelter,” Geochem. Int. 46 (10), 1064–1069 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    V. P. Shevchenko, D. P. Starodymova, A. A. Vinogradova, A. P. Lisitsyn, V. I. Makarov, S. A. Popova, V. V. Sivonen, and V. P. Sivonen, “Elemental and organic carbon in atmospheric aerosols over the northwestern coast of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 461 (1), 242–246 (2015).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    D. P. Starodymova, V. P. Shevchenko, V. P. Sivonen, and V. V. Sivonen, “Material and elemental composition of surface aerosols on the North-Western coast of the Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 29 (6), 507–511 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    D. P. Starodymova, A. A. Vinogradova, V. P. Shevchenko, E. V. Zakharova, V. P. Sivonen, and V. V. Sivonen, “Effect of anthropogenic sources on the formation of microelemental composition of the surface aerosol on the White Sea coast,” Usp. Sovr. Estestv., No. 11, 407–410 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    P. Alekseychik, H. K. Lappalainen, T. Petaja, N. Zaitseva, M. Heimann, T. Laurila, H. Lihavainen, E. Asmi, M. Arshinov, V. Shevchenko, A. Makshtas, S. Dubtsov, E. Mikhailov, E. Lapshina, S. Kirpotin, Y. Kurbatova, A. Ding, H. Guo, S. Park, J. V. Lavric, F. Reum, A. Panov, A. Prokushkin, and M. Kulmala, “Groundbased station network in Arctic and Subarctic Eurasia: An overview,” Geogr., Environ., Sustain. 9 (2), 75–88 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    A. F. Stein, R. R. Draxler, G. D. Rolph, B. J. B. Stunder, M. D. Cohen, and F. Ngan, “NOAA’S HYSPLIT Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion Modeling System,” Bull. Am. Meteor. Soc. 96, 2059–2077 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    A.P. Lisitsyn, “Processes in the White Sea catchment area: Preparing, transport and sedimentation, substance flows, “live catchment area” concept,” in The White Sea System, Vol. I. Natural Environment of the White Sea Catchment Area (Nauchnyi Mir, Moscow, 2010), p. 353–445 [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    A. A. Vinogradova, “Pb and Cd flows from the Earth’s atmosphere to the surface in the European Russia according to EMEP data,” Mezhdunar. Zh. Prikl. Fundam. Issled. No. 12-1, 111–115 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    W. Maenhaut, S. Nava, F. Lucarelli, W. Wang, X. Chia, and M. Kulmala, “Chemical composition, impact from biomass burning, and mass closure for PM2.5 and PM10 aerosols at Hyytiala, Finland, in summer 2007,” X-ray Spectrom. 40, 168–171 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to D. P. Starodymova.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © D.P. Starodymova, A.A. Vinogradova, V.P. Shevchenko, E.V. Zakharova, V.V. Sivonen, V.P. Sivonen, 2017, published in Optika Atmosfery i Okeana.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Starodymova, D.P., Vinogradova, A.A., Shevchenko, V.P. et al. Elemental Composition of Near-Ground Aerosol Near the Northwestern Coast of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea. Atmos Ocean Opt 31, 181–186 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S102485601802015X

Download citation

Keywords

  • White Sea
  • aerosols
  • PM2.5
  • heavy metals
  • atmospheric transport
  • background regions
  • backward trajectories