Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 489–494 | Cite as

Europium vapor laser

  • V. O. TroitskiiEmail author
  • V. G. Sokovikov
  • A. G. Filonov
  • D. V. Shiyanov
Optical Sources and Receivers for Environmental Studies


The results of an experimental study of a gas-discharge Ne–Eu laser are presented. In this work, lasing lines, pulse shapes in the europium atom and ion are identified under the conditions of this experiment. The effects of the buffer gas pressure and pulse repetition rate on the energy characteristics of the laser are ascertained; their optimal values are found. It is shown that the output power is 1 W at the 1759 nm line and 70 mW at the 664.5 nm line for the corresponding transitions under optimal operating conditions.


metal vapor lasers gas discharge excitation lasing in europium atoms lasing in europium ions 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    V. M. Batenin, P. A. Bokhan, V. V. Buchanov, G. S. Evtushenko, M. A. Kazaryan, V. T. Karpukhin, I. I. Klimovskii, and M. M. Malikov, Self-Contained Metal Atom Lasers-2 (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2011) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. E. Little, Metal Vapor Lasers. Physics, Engineering & Applications (Willey & Sons, Chichester, 1998).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. S. Evtushenko, D. V. Shiyanov, and F. A. Gubarev, Metal Vapor Lasers with High Pulse Repetition Rates (Izd-vo Tom. Politekhn. Univ., Tomsk, 2010) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ph. Cahuzac, “Emission laser infrarouges dans les vapeurs de terres rares,” Phys. Lett., A 31 (10), 541–542 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. A. Bokhan, V. M. Klimkin, V. E. Prokop’ev, and V. I. Solomonov, “Investigation of a laser utilizing selfterminating transitions in europium atoms and ions,” Quantum Electron. 7 (1), 81–83. 1977ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. A. Bokhan and D. E. Zakrevsky, “Investigation of a He-Eu+ laser excited by short pumping pulses,” J. Rus. Laser Res. 16 (2), 138–144 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. A. Bokhan, V. M. Klimkin, A. N. Maltsev, V. E. Prokopyev, and V. G. Sokovikov, “Investigation of anomalously high-speed deexcitation of Eu+ metastable states in gas discharge plasma,” J. de Physique 40 (7), 115–116 (1979).ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. N. Soldatov, A. G. Filonov, Yu. P. Polunin, and A. V. Vasil’eva, “A master oscillator-power amplifier system based on a 20 W average power strontium-vapor laser,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 21 (8) 572–574 (2008).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Beck, W. English, and K. Gurs, Table of Laser Lines in Gases and Vapors (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. G. Sokovikov and A. V. Klimkin, “Stimulated raman scattering of XeF* and KrF laser radiation in samarium and europium vapors,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 27 (5), 447–453 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    P. A. Bokhan, “Relaxation processes and influence of metastable states of metal atoms and ions on the lasing mechanism and energy characteristics of lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16 (9), 1207–1214 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. I. Zemskov, A. A. Isaev, and G. G. Petrash, “Role of negative ions in the plasma of pulsed metal and metalcompound vapour lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27 (7), 579–583 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. M. Klimkin, V. E. Prokop’ev, and V. G. Sokovikov, “An experimental study of the correlation between ion and atomic spectra of Eu in the He–Eu mixture,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 6 (6), 371–374 (1993).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    V.G. Sokovikov, “Investigation of two-photon selective ionization in vapors of alkaline earth and rare earth elements,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 25 (12), 190–197 (2012).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. M. Klimkin, “Metallization of cells in pulsed lasers. Causes and effects,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 13 (12), 1020–1023 (2000).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. O. Troitskii
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. G. Sokovikov
    • 1
  • A. G. Filonov
    • 1
  • D. V. Shiyanov
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesTomskRussia
  2. 2.National Research Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityTomskRussia

Personalised recommendations