Total ozone variations and trends during the period 1979–2014

Abstract

Variations and trends in the total ozone (TO) content over the period 1979–2014 are studied using monthly mean data from ERA-Interim reanalysis database in different latitudinal belts and TOMS/SBUV/OMI satellite data. We estimated how TO variations, averaged over different latitudinal belts and globally, are modulated by Arctic and Antarctic oscillations, quasi-biennial oscillations of zonal wind in the equatorial stratosphere, El Niño–Southern Oscillation, zonal average meridional heat flux in the lower stratosphere, solar activity (SA), stratospheric content of ozone-depleting substances (ODS), and volcanic aerosol particles. Variations in global TO can be described well using regression dependence on ODS and SA; and certain of the above-mentioned factors should be additionally taken into consideration for a more accurate quantitative description of TO time behavior in certain latitudinal belts.

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Correspondence to A. M. Zvyagintsev.

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Original Russian Text © A.M. Zvyagintsev, P.N. Vargin, S. Peshin, 2015, published in Optika Atmosfery i Okeana.

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Zvyagintsev, A.M., Vargin, P.N. & Peshin, S. Total ozone variations and trends during the period 1979–2014. Atmos Ocean Opt 28, 575–584 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1024856015060196

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Keywords

  • total ozone content
  • ozone layer changes
  • ozone trend
  • stratospheric circulation
  • multiple regression