Total ozone variations and trends during the period 1979–2014


Variations and trends in the total ozone (TO) content over the period 1979–2014 are studied using monthly mean data from ERA-Interim reanalysis database in different latitudinal belts and TOMS/SBUV/OMI satellite data. We estimated how TO variations, averaged over different latitudinal belts and globally, are modulated by Arctic and Antarctic oscillations, quasi-biennial oscillations of zonal wind in the equatorial stratosphere, El Niño–Southern Oscillation, zonal average meridional heat flux in the lower stratosphere, solar activity (SA), stratospheric content of ozone-depleting substances (ODS), and volcanic aerosol particles. Variations in global TO can be described well using regression dependence on ODS and SA; and certain of the above-mentioned factors should be additionally taken into consideration for a more accurate quantitative description of TO time behavior in certain latitudinal belts.

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Correspondence to A. M. Zvyagintsev.

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Original Russian Text © A.M. Zvyagintsev, P.N. Vargin, S. Peshin, 2015, published in Optika Atmosfery i Okeana.

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Zvyagintsev, A.M., Vargin, P.N. & Peshin, S. Total ozone variations and trends during the period 1979–2014. Atmos Ocean Opt 28, 575–584 (2015).

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  • total ozone content
  • ozone layer changes
  • ozone trend
  • stratospheric circulation
  • multiple regression