The influence of the air, nitrogen, and argon pressure on the generation of runaway electron beams during a breakdown in an inhomogeneous electric field is studied. Data on parameters of runaway electron beams at pressures corresponding to altitudes of more than 20 km above sea level in the Earth’s atmosphere are obtained.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
A. V. Gurevich and K. P. Zybin, “Runaway breakdown and electric discharges in thunderstorms,” Phys.Usp. 44 (11), 1119–1140 (2001).
V. A. Rakov and M. A. Uman, Lightning: Physics and Effects (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003).
J. R. Dwyer, H. K. Rassoul, M. Al-Dayeh, L. Caraway, A. Chrest, B. Wright, E. Kozak, J. Jerauld, M. A. Uman, V. A. Rakov, D. M. Jordan, and K. J. Rambo, “X-ray bursts associated with leader steps in cloud-to-ground lightning,” Geophys. Rev. Lett. 32, L01803 (2005).
B. J. Hazelton, B. W. Grefenstette, D. M. Smith, J. R. Dwyer, X. M. Shao, S. A. Cummer, T. Chronis, E. H. Lay, and R. H. Holzworth, “Spectral dependence of terrestrial g-ray flashes on source distance,” Geophys. Rev. Lett. 36, L01108 (2009).
V. P. Pasko, Y. Yair, and C. L. Kuo, “Lightning related transient luminous events at high altitude in the Earth’s atmosphere: Phenomenology, mechanisms and effects,” Space Sci. Rev. 168 (1–4), 475–516 (2012).
J. K. Chou, L. Y. Tsai, C. L. Kuo, Y. J. Lee, C. M. Chen, A. B. Chen, H. T. Su, R. R. Hsu, P. L. Chang, and L. C. Lee, “Optical emissions and behaviors of the blue starters, blue jets, and gigantic jets observed in the Taiwan Transient Luminous Event Ground Campaign,” J. Geophys. Res.: Space Phys. (1978–2012) 116, A07301 (2011).
V. F. Tarasenko, D. V. Beloplotov, M. I. Lomaev, and D. A. Sorokin, “Laboratory observation of mini sprites and blue jets in discharges initiated by runaway electrons,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 27 (11), 1017–1019 (2014).
Runaway Electrons Preionized Diffuse Discharges, Ed. by V. F. Tarasenko (Nova Science Publishers, Inc., N.Y., 2014).
D. V. Beloplotov, M. I. Lomaev, D. A. Sorokin, and V. F. Tarasenko, “Mini sprites and mini blue jets in nanosecond diffuse discharge in high-pressure nitrogen,” Development Appl. Ocean. Engin. (DAOE) 3, 63–68 (2014).
V. F. Tarasenko, D. V. Beloplotov, E. Kh. Baksht, A. G. Burachenko, and M. I. Lomaev, “Equivalent of bead lightning in pulse discharge generated by runaway electrons in atmospheric pressure air,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 28 (6), 491–497 (2015).
V. F. Tarasenko, E. Kh. Baksht, A. G. Burachenko, I. D. Kostyrya, M. I. Lomaev, and D. A. Sorokin, “Modes of generation of runaway electron beams in He, H2, Ne, and N2 at a pressure of 1–760 Torr,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38 (10), 2583–2587 (2010).
D. V. Rybka, A. G. Burachenko, V. Yu. Kozhevnikov, A. V. Kozyrev, and V. F. Tarasenko, “Effect of nitrogen pressure on characteristics of X-ray during the transition from diffuse discharge to corona one,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 27 (4), 311–315 (2014).
S. B. Alekseev, E. K. Baksht, D. V. Rybka, and V. F. Tarasenko, “Gradual tuning of the current pulse width within 1–0.03 ns in gas-filled diodes of nanosecond electron accelerators,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 41 (8), Part 2, 2201–2206 (2013).
Original Russian Text © E.Kh. Baksht, A.G. Burachenko, V.F. Tarasenko, 2015, published in Optika Atmosfery i Okeana.
About this article
Cite this article
Baksht, E.K., Burachenko, A.G. & Tarasenko, V.F. Generation of runaway electrons at low pressures in air, nitrogen, and argon. Atmos Ocean Opt 28, 606–609 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1024856015060020
- subnanosecond breakdown of air, nitrogen, and argon in inhomogeneous electric field
- beam of runaway electrons
- electron beam parameters versus gas pressure