Statistical analysis of extreme drought and wet events in Russia has been carried out using the SPI index calculated over 500 stations, using records of monthly precipitations from 1966 to 2010. Different statistical parameters were calculated to characterize the spatiotemporal variability of drought and wet events. The calculations show a trend toward an increase in the intensity of drought and wetness extremes in Russia during the past 20 years, with a prevalence of wet events over drought ones. The drought propagation decreases for the European territory of Russia in June and August and increases in July. A trend for the wetness is opposite. For the Asian territory of Russia, drought significantly increases in July along with a decrease in wetness.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Methods for Estimating Climate Change Effects on Phys-ical and Biological Systems, Ed. by S. M. Semenov (Ros-gidromet, Moscow, 2012) [in Russian].
J. Sheffield, E. F. Wood, and M. L. Roderick, “Little change in global drought over the past 60 years,” Nature (Gr. Brit.) 491 (7424), 435–438 (2012).
The Third National Report of the Russian Federation, Ed. by Yu.A. Izrael’ (Moscow, 2002) [in Russian].
National Report on Problems of the Climate Change (Moscow, 2002), p. 29 [in Russian].
O. D. Sirotenko, A. D. Kleshchenko, V. N. Pavlova, E. V. Abashina, and A. K. Semendyaev, “Monitoring of climate changes and estimation of global warming effects on agriculture,” Agrofizika, No. 3, 31–39 (2011).
D. A. Ped’, “Wetness and overwetting indices,” Tr. Gidrometeorol. Nauchno-Issled. Tsentra SSSR, No. 156, 19–38 (1975).
G. T. Selyaninov, “About agricultural estimation of cli-mate,” Tr. Sel’skokhozyaistvennoi Meteorol., No. 20, 165–177 (1928).
N. N. Ivanov, “Climate bioefficiency factor,” Izv. Rus. Geogr. Obshchestva 94 (1), 65–70 (1962).
B. Lloyd-Hughes and M. A. Saunders, “A drought cli-matology for Europe,” Int. J. Climatol. 22 (13), 1571–1592 (2002).
Standardized Precipitation Index. User Guide (WMO, 2012), vol. 1090, p. 18.
V. F. Kozel’tseva and D. A. Ped’, “Some climatic fea-tures of atmospheric drought in the western part of the territory of USSR,” Tr. Gidrometeorol. Nauchno-Issled. Tsentra SSSR, No. 261, 34–46 (1985).
D. A. Ped’, “Climatic feature of atmospheric droughts and overwetting,” Tr. Gidrometeorol. Nauchno-Issled. Tsentra SSSR, No. 156, 39–63 (1975).
A. I. Strashnaya, T. A. Maksimenkova, and O. V. Chub, “Agrometeorological features of the drought of 2010 in Russia as compared to droughts of previous years,” Tr. Gidromettsentra Rossii, No. 345, 171–188 (2011).
I. V. Lavrova and A. I. Ugryumov, “Classification of the atmospheric droughtiness index fields in view of the modern climate change problem,” Rus. Meteorol. Hydrol. 33 (12), 767–773 (2008).
N. B. Guttman, “Accepting the standardized precipita-tion index: A calculation algorithm,” J. Amer. Water Resour. Assoc. 35 (2), 311–322 (1999).
E. A. Cherenkova and N. K. Kononova, “Analisys of a severe atmospheric drought in 1972 and 2010 and mac-rocirculation conditions of its formation over the Euro-pean part of Russia,” Tr. Gl. Geofiz. Obs. im. A. I. Voei-kova, No. 565, 165–187 (2012).
N. P. Shakina, A. R. Ivanova, B. A. Birman, and E. N. Skriptunova, “Blocking: Conditions of summer, 2010, within a context of modern knowledge,” in Proc. of Joint Session of the Presidium of Research Council of Roshydromet and the Research Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Studies of the Theory of Earth’s Climate” (Triada, Moscow, 2010), pp. 6–21 [in Russian].
Original Russian Text © D.N. Utkuzova, V.M. Han, R.M. Vil’fand, 2015, published in Optika Atmosfery i Okeana.
About this article
Cite this article
Utkuzova, D.N., Han, V.M. & Vil’fand, R.M. Statistical analysis of extreme drought and wet events in Russia. Atmos Ocean Opt 28, 336–346 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1024856015040144
- statistical analysis
- extreme drought
- extreme wetness
- SPI index
- climate variability