Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 318–327 | Cite as

Thermal balance of the underlying surface in Tomsk during 2004–2005

  • N. V. DudorovaEmail author
  • B. D. Belan
Atmospheric Radiation, Optical Weather, and Climate


The thermal balance of Tomsk for the period of 2004–2005 is studied. Heat flux to the soil and anthropogenic heat flux are calculated. The energy contribution of phase transitions of water to the net thermal balance is estimated. It is shown that heat is mainly gained due to radiation components (75–100%) from March to September; and from December to February the main contributor is turbulent heat flux, accounting for from 40 to 85% of the net balance. During the autumn period, before formation of snow cover, an important role in the incoming part is played by the heat flux from the soil, acting to increase the turbulent heat flux to the atmosphere. During the warm period, the heat loss is partitioned between the turbulent heat flux and heat losses due to water evaporation (50/50%). Heat lost to the soil makes a relatively small (no more than 10% of the total losses) contribution. In spring, on the expenditure side, there are heat losses due to snow cover melting, which can reach 50% of the total loss, in separate months. Wintertime heat losses are dominated by radiation components.


city thermal balance turbulent flux anthropogenic flux evaporation rate 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesTomskRussia

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