Skip to main content

Radiation balance of underlying surface in Tomsk during 2004–2005


Radiation balance and its components are determined for Tomsk during 2004–2005. The radiation balance for Tomsk is shown to be positive for the most part of the year, and has negative values from November to January. The maxima are observed in June and equal 176 W/m2 in 2004 and 167 W/m2 in 2005. The minima are observed in December, with magnitudes of–26 W/m2 in 2004 and–41 W/ m2 in 2005.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    L. T. Matveev, Atmospheric Physics (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 2000) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    E. Yu. Bezuglaya, Meteorological Potential and Climatic Features of Urban Air Pollution (Gidrometeoizdat, Len-ingrad, 1980) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    V. M. Malakhov and V. N. Senich, Thermal Pollution of Environment by Industrial Enterprises (GPNTB SO RAN, Novosibirsk, 1997) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    G. E. Landsberg, Urban Climate (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1983) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    S. P. Khromov and L. I. Mamontova, Meteorological Dictionary (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1974) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    RD 52.04.562-96, Instructions for Hydrometeorological Stations and Facilities. Iss. 5. Actinometric Observations. 1. Actinometric Observations at Stations (Rosgidromet, Moscow, 1997) [in Russian].

  7. 7.

    M. Yu. Arshinov, B. D. Belan, D. K. Davydov, V.K. Kovalevskii, A. P. Plotnikov, E. V. Pokrovskii, T. K. Sklyadneva, and G. N. Tolmachev, “Automated station for atmospheric trace gas monitoring,” Meteo-rol. Gidrol, No. 3, 110–118 (1999).

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

  9. 9.

    V. E. Zuev, B. D. Belan, D. M. Kabanov, V. K. Kova-levskii, O. Yu. Luk’yanov, V. E. Meleshkin, M. K. Mikushev, M. V. Panchenko, I. E. Penner, E. V. Pokrovskii, S. M. Sakerin, S. A. Terpugova, G. N. Tolmachev, A. G. Tumakov, V. S. Shamanaev, and A. I. Shcherbatov, “The “OPTIK-E” AN-30 air-craft-laboratory for ecological investigations,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 5 (10), 658–663 (1992).

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    M. Yu. Arshinov, B. D. Belan, D. K. Davydov, G. A. Ivlev, A. S. Kozlov, V. S. Kozlov, M. V. Panchenko, I. E. Penner, D. A. Pestunov, A. S. Safatov, D. V. Simo-nenkov, G. N. Tolmachev, A. V. Fofonov, V. S. Shama-naev, and V. P. Shmargunov, “Aircraft laboratory Antonov-30 “Optik-E”: 20-year investigations of the environment,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 22 (10), 950–957 (2009).

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

  12. 12.

  13. 13.

    K. Ya. Kondratyev, Aktinometry (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1965) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    B. D. Belan and T. K. Sklyadneva, “Measurements of the total solar radiation near Tomsk,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 13 (4), 355–360 (2000).

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    T. K. Sklyadneva and B. D. Belan, “Radiative regime near Tomsk in 1995–2005,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 20 (1), 54–59 (2007).

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    M. Yu. Arshinov, B. D. Belan, D. K. Davydov, T. K. Skly-adneva, A. V. Fofonov, T. Machida, and M. Sasakawa, “Spatial-temporal variability of total solar radiation in West Siberia,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 26 (8), 659–664 (2013).

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    B. D. Belan, T. K. Sklyadneva, and N. V. Uzhegova, “The difference in the albedo of underlying surface in Novosibirsk and in the surroundings of Novosibirsk,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 18 (3), 218–221 (2005).

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    M. I. Budyko, Thermal Balance of the Earth’s Surface (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1956) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    B. Offerle, C. S. B. Grimmond, and K. Fortuniak, “Heat storage and anthropogenic heat flux in relation to the energy balance of a central European city cen-tre,” Int. J. Climatol. 25 (10), 1405–1419 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    A. Lylova and A. Kudryashov, “Artificial model of human eye aberrations proceeded in real-time,” inAbstracts of the 9th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine AOIm2013, Stellen-bosch, South Africa, September 2–6, 2013, p. 30.

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    D. C. Dayton, S. L. Brown, S. P. Sandven, J. D. Gon-glewski, and A. V. Kudryashov, “Theory and laboratory demonstration on the use of a nematic liquid crystal phase modulator for controlled turbulence generation and adaptive optics,” Appl. Opt. 37 (24), 5579–5589 (1998).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to N. V. Dudorova.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © N.V. Dudorova, B.D. Belan, 2015, published in Optika Atmosfery i Okeana.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Dudorova, N.V., Belan, B.D. Radiation balance of underlying surface in Tomsk during 2004–2005. Atmos Ocean Opt 28, 312–317 (2015).

Download citation


  • city
  • radiation balance
  • effective radiation
  • total radiation
  • albedo