Optical and X-radiation from a corona discharge in atmospheric-pressure air is investigated. Spectra of the optical radiation in the range 200–850 nm are obtained under various parameters of the voltage pulse. It was shown that an increase in the voltage pulse changes the corona discharge mode so that the discharge becomes a source of UV radiation, not only from nitrogen 2+ bands, but also from the cathode material. It was also shown that the formation of diffuse corona discharges in a non-uniform electric field under high pressure is conditioned by fast electrons and X-ray generation. It was determined that fast electrons originating from discharges in air under atmospheric pressure generate 525-eV photons from the K-shell of oxygen. Calculations have shown that the photons can effectively initiate new electrons near areas of strong fields. This process explains the formation of types of diffuse discharge for a positive-polarity electrode with a small radius of curvature at atmospheric pressure, and of a fast-moving cathode streamer.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Dzh. Barri, Ball Lightning and Bead Lightning (Mir, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].
I. P. Stakhanov, About Physical Nature of Ball Lightning (Nauchnyi mir, Moscow, 1996) [in Russian].
E. M. Bazelyan and Yu. P. Raizer, Physics of Lightning and Lightning Protection (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2001) [in Russian].
Yu. P. Raizer, Physics of Gas Discharge (“Intellect”, Dolgoprudnyi, 2009) [in Russian].
Yu. S. Akishev, M. E. Grushin, A. A. Deryugin, A. P. Napartovich, M. V. Pan’kin, and N. I. Trushkin, “Self-Oscillations of a Positive Corona in Nitrogen,” J. Phys., D 32(18), 2399–2409 (1999).
V. V. Bratchikov, K. A. Gagarinov, I. D. Kostyrya, V. F. Tarasenko, A. N. Tkachev, and S. I. Yakovenko, “About X-Radiation at Volume Discharges in Atmospheric-Pressure Air,” Tech. Phys. 77(7), 856–864 (2007).
J. R. Dwyer, Z. Saleh, H. K. Rassoul, D. Concha, M. Rahman, V. Cooray, J. Jerauld, M. A. Uman, and V. A. Rakov, “A Study of X-Ray Emission from Laboratory Sparks in Air at Atmospheric Pressure,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D23207 (2008).
C. V. Nguyen, A. P. J. van Deursen, and U. M. Elbert, “Multiple X-Ray Bursts from Long Discharges in Air,” J. Phys., D 41(7), 234012 (2008).
S. B. Afanas’ev, D. S. Lavrenyuk, I. N. Petrushenko, and Yu. K. Stishkov, “Peculiarities of the Corona Discharge in Air,” Tech. Phys. 78(7) (2008).
M. Rahman, V. Cooray, N. A. Ahmad, J. Nyberg, V. A. Rakov, and S. Sharma, “X-rays from 80-cm Long Sparks in Air,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L06805 (2008), doi: 10.1029/2007GL032678.
D. Z. Pai, G. D. Stancu, D. A. Lacoste, and C. O. Laux, “Nanosecond Repetitively Pulsed Discharges in Air at Atmospheric Pressure—the Glow Regime,” Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 18(7), 045030 (2009).
T. Shao, V. F. Tarasenko, C. Zhang, I. D. Kostyrya, H. Jiang, R. Xu, D. V. Rybka, and P. Yan, “Generation of Runaway Electrons and X-Rays in Repetitive Nanosecond Pulse Corona Discharge in Atmospheric Pressure Air,” Appl. Phys. Express. 4(3), 066001 (2011).
V. F. Tarasenko, E. H. Baksht, A. G. Burachenko, I. D. Kostyrya, M. I. Lomaev, and D. V. Rybka, “Generation of Supershort Avalanche Electron Beams and Formation of Diffuse Discharges in Different Gases at High Pressure,” Plasma Devices and Operation 16(4), 267–298 (2008).
T. Shao, C. Zhang, Z. Niu, P. Yan, V. F. Tarasenko, E. Kh. Baksht, A. G. Burachenko, and Y. V. Shut’ko, “Diffuse Discharge, Runaway Electron, and X-Ray in Atmospheric Pressure Air in an Inhomogeneous Electrical Field in Repetitive Pulsed Modes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 021503 (2011).
V. F. Tarasenko, “Parameters of a Supershort Avalanche Electron Beam Generated in Atmospheric-Pressure Air,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 37(5), 409–421 (2011).
I. D. Kostyrya and V. F. Tarasenko, “X-Ray Emission from a Low-Current Volume Discharge in Air at Atmospheric Pressure,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 33(5), 424–427 (2007).
Landau, L.D. and Lifshits, E.M., Mechanics (Nauka, Moscow, 1973) [in Russian].
H. Kolbenstvedt, “Simple Theory for K-Ionization by Relativistic Electrons,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(12), 4785–4787 (1967).
Physical Magnitudes, Ed. by I.S. Grigor’eva and E.Z. Meilikhova (Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1991) [in Russian].
E. D. Lozannskii and O. B. Firsov, Theory of Spark (Atomizdat, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].
E. E. Kunhardt and W. W. Byszewski, “Development of Overvoltage Breakdown at High Gas Pressure,” Phys. Rev., A 21(6), 2069–2077 (1980).
Original Russian Text © A.V. Kozyrev, V.Yu. Kozhevnikov, I.D. Kostyrya, D.V. Rybka, V.F. Tarasenko, D.V. Schitz, 2012, published in Optica Atmosfery i Okeana.
About this article
Cite this article
Kozyrev, A.V., Kozhevnikov, V.Y., Kostyrya, I.D. et al. Radiation from a diffuse corona discharge in atmospheric-pressure air. Atmos Ocean Opt 25, 176–183 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1134/S102485601202008X
- Voltage Pulse
- Corona Discharge
- Runaway Electron
- Coaxial Line
- Ball Lightning