Skip to main content

Reconstruction of the three-dimensional refractive index distribution by means of adaptive optics


The quality of the adaptive correction for atmospheric distortions is estimated in a system where the wavelength of the main laser source differs from that of the beacon. The possibility is considered of the reconstruction of the three-dimensional refractive index profile in different cross sections of the propagation path while the beam parameters are recorded only on the target plane. An algorithm is described that provides for the improvement of the beam control effectiveness in a “two-color” system with the use of the obtained information.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. J. Winocur, “Dual-Wavelength Adaptive Optical Systems,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3711–3715 (1983).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. N. V. Vysotina, N. N. Rozanov, V. E. Semenov, and V. A. Smirnov, “Amplitude-Phase Adaptation over Extended Inhomogeneous Paths by Means of Flexible Mirrors,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Ser. Fiz. 28(11), 42–50 (1985).

    Google Scholar 

  3. M. C. Roggermann and J. L. Lee, “Two-Deformable-Mirror Concept for Correcting Scintillation Effects in Laser Beam Projection through the Turbulent Atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4577–4586 (1998).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Shijie Hu, Bing Hu, Xuejun Zhang, Jiang Wu, and Wenhan Jiang, “Double-Deformable-Mirror Adaptive Optics System for Phase Compensation,” Appl. Opt. 45, 2638–2642 (2006).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Xinyang Li, Min Li, Bo Chen, Changhui Rao, and Wenhan Jiang, “Close-Loop Adaptive Optics System Based on Liner Phase Retrieval Technology,” in Proc. of the 7th Intern. Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine (Shatura, 2009), p. 92.

  6. E. I. Moisei, F. Yu. Kanev, V. P. Lukin, and N. A. Makenova, “New Algorithm of Requied Amplitude Distribution Forming at Phase Control. Increase of Effectivity of Two-Mirror Adaptive System,” Opt. Atmosf. Okeana 21, 636–640 (2008).

    Google Scholar 

  7. F. Yu. Kanev, N. A. Makenova, and E. I. Moisei, “Amplitude-Phase Control of Laser Emission and Reconstruction of Beam Profiles on Different Cross-Sections of Propagation Path,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Ser. Fiz., No. 9, 88–89 (2008).

  8. V. A. Vysloukh, K. D. Egorov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Numerical Experiment on Phase Compensation of Thermal Self-Action of Light Beams,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz. 22(4), 435–440 (1979).

    Google Scholar 

  9. M. A. Vorontsov and V. I. Shmal’gauzen, Principles of Adaptive Optics (Nauka, Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  10. G. I. Marchuk, Splitting Methods (Nauka, Moscow, 1988) [inRussian].

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Additional information

Original Russian Text © F.Yu. Kanev, E.I. Tsyro, 2010, published in Optica Atmosfery i Okeana.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kanev, F.Y., Tsyro, E.I. Reconstruction of the three-dimensional refractive index distribution by means of adaptive optics. Atmos Ocean Opt 23, 426–432 (2010).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Oceanic Optic
  • Adaptive Optic
  • Phase Screen
  • Reconstruction Accuracy
  • Refractive Index Profile