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Variability of surface ozone and other small atmospheric compounds in a megapolis and in a rural region

Abstract

The seasonal-diurnal variability of ozone and primary air pollutants, namely, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide, is considered in the boundary layer of the atmosphere of a big city (using Moscow as an example) for a period of 4 years. The seasonal-diurnal variations of the considered atmospheric compounds indicate that during the warm season, they are, to a substantial degree, defined by the vertical mixing in the boundary layer of the atmosphere. The variability of the surface ozone in the city and in the neighboring rural region (at a distance of about 100 km) is compared. The main differences in the concentration level of the surface ozone in the big city and in the rural region, as well as in their temporal variability, are detected. It is shown that the ratio of the surface ozone concentration to that of the primary pollutants is defined mainly by different atmospheric processes, namely, advection during the cold period of the year and vertical mixing during the warm one. The highest correlation is observed between the maximum diurnal ozone concentration and the maximum morning concentration of the primary pollutants. During the cold season, the correlation coefficient between the mentioned parameters is nearly always negative, while during the warm season, when the photochemical generation of ozone is observed, it happens to be positive.

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Published in Russian in Optica Atmosfery i Okeana.

The article was translated by the authors.

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Zvyagintsev, A.M., Kakadzhanova, G. & Tarasova, O.A. Variability of surface ozone and other small atmospheric compounds in a megapolis and in a rural region. Atmos Ocean Opt 23, 209–214 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1024856010030097

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1024856010030097

Keywords

  • Ozone
  • Ozone Concentration
  • Diurnal Cycle
  • Warm Season
  • Cold Season