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A possibility of observations of water dimer millimeter spectrum lines in an equilibrium gas phase

Abstract

It was proposed earlier (A.F. Krupnov, Optics of Atmosphere and Ocean, 2007, v. 20, pp. 772–776) that to discover a water dimer spectrum in an equilibrium state it is necessary to observe single rotational lines of the water dimer in millimeter and submillimeter wavelength ranges at high resolution. Sufficiency of sensitivity of some microwave spectrometers for observing dimer lines with the absorption coefficient calculated by the authors is demonstrated. The conditions necessary for observations of a single dimer line against the background of total radiation absorption by water vapors in the millimeter range are considered in the paper. It is shown that the calculated intensity of a single line of dimer is only several times lower than total continuum absorption by water vapors and the absorption by water dimers makes the greater part of total observed absorption by water vapors in the millimeter range. Thus the direction of investigations which has been proposed by us earlier is promising for discovering water dimers in equilibrium conditions.

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Correspondence to A. F. Krupnov.

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Original Russian Text © A.F. Krupnov, M.Yu. Tretyakov, 2009, published in Optika Atmosfery i Okeana.

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Krupnov, A.F., Tretyakov, M.Y. A possibility of observations of water dimer millimeter spectrum lines in an equilibrium gas phase. Atmos Ocean Opt 22, 1–5 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1024856009010011

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Keywords

  • Water Vapor
  • Water Vapor Pressure
  • Continuum Absorption
  • Water Dimer
  • Water Vapor Continuum