Russian Journal of Electrochemistry

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 170–177 | Cite as

Synthesis and Conductivity of CaZr0.9Y0.1O3–δ Electrolyte Films on Supporting Composite Electrodes

  • V. M. Kuimov
  • A. Sh. Khaliullina
  • A. A. Pankratov
  • B. D. Antonov
  • L. A. Dunyushkina


Conditions of the chemical solution deposition of CaZrO3-based electrolyte films on supporting composite electrodes are studied. The films are formed on the composites of CaZrO3 with metal oxides СuO, Fe2O3, and NiO. The morphology and the phase and elemental composition of supports and films are studied as well as the gas permeability and conductivity of films. It is concluded that composites of calcium zirconate with nickel can be recommended as the supporting anodes for the proton-conducting CaZr0.9Y0.1O3–δ film electrolyte.


CaZr0.9Y0.1O3–δ film electrolyte supporting electrode solid-oxide fuel cell conductivity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Gorelov, V.P., Balakireva, V.B., Kuz’min, A.V., and Plaksin, S.V., Electrical conductivity of CaZr(1–x) (x = 0.01–0.20) in dry and humid air, Inorg. Mater., 2014, vol. T. 50, no. 5, p. 495.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bao, J., Ohno, H., Kurita, N., Okuyama, Y., and Fukatsu, N., Proton conduction in Al-doped CaZrO3, Electrochim. Acta, 2011, vol. 56, p. 1062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yajima, T., Kazeoka, H., Yogo, T., and Iwahara, H., Proton conduction in sintered oxides based on CaZrO3, Solid State Ionics, 1991, vol. 47, p. 271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hidalgo, H., Millon, E., Thomann, A-L., Mathias, J., Boulmer-Leborgne, C., Sauvage, T., and Brault, P., Yttria-stabilized zirconia thin films deposited by pulsed-laser deposition and magnetron sputtering, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2011, vol. 205, p. 4495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Xia, C.R., Cao, H.Q., Wang, H., Yang, P.H., Meng, G.Y., and Peng, D.K., Sol–gel synthesis of yttria stabilized zirconia membranes through controlled hydrolysis of zirconium alkoxide, J. Membr. Sci., 1999, vol. 162, p. 181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kim, J. and Lin, Y.S., Sol–gel synthesis and characterization of yttria stabilized zirconia membranes, J. Membr. Sci., 1998, vol. 139, p. 75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xia, C., Zha, S., Yang, W., Peng, R., Peng, D., and Meng, G., Preparation of yttria stabilized zirconia membranes on porous substrates by a dip-coating process, Solid State Ionics, 2000, vol. 133, p. 287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Predtechensky, M.R., Bobrenok, O.F., Gelfond, N.V., Morozova, N.B., and Igumenov, I.K., SOFC based on thin-film electrolyte, in Proceedings of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Congress IX (SOFC IX), Quebec City, Canada, 2005, p. 15.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gelfond, N.V., Morozova, N.B., and Igumenova, I.K., Application of Zr(IV) and Y(III) beta-diketonate derivatives in MOCVD of YSZ film electrolyte for SOFC, in Advances in Coordination, Bioinorganic and Inorganic Chemistry, Melnik M., Sima J., and Tatarko, M., Eds., Bratislava: Slovak Techn. Univ., 2005, p. 156.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gelfond, N.V., Bobrenok, O.F., Predtechensky, M.R., Morozova, N.B., Zherikova, K.V., and Igumenov, I.K., Chemical vapor deposition of electrolyte thin films based on yttria-stabilized zirconia, Inorg. Mater., 2009, vol. 45, no. 6, p. 659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Safronov, A.P., Kalinina, E.G., Kotov, Yu.A., Murzakaev, A.M., and Timoshenkova, O.R., Electrophoreic deposition of nanopowders on porous surface, Rossiiskie Nanotekhnologii, 2006, vol. 1, nos. 1–2, p. 162.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sarkar, P., Huang, X., and Nicholson, P.S., Zirconiaalumina functionally-gradiented composites by electrophoretic deposition techniques, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 1993, vol. 76, no. 4, p. 1055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meepho, M., Wattanasiriwech, D., Wattanasiriwech, S., and Aungkavattana, P., Preparation of NiO–YSZ substrate for electrophoretic deposition of thin YSZ film, Energy Procedia, 2013, vol. 34, p. 714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dunyushkina, L.A., Smirnova, E.O., Smirnov, S.V., Kuimov, V.M., and Plaksin, S.V., Microstructure, hardness and electrical behavior of Y-doped CaZrO3 films prepared by chemical solution deposition, Ionics, 2013, vol. 19, p. 511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dunyushkina, L.A., Smirnov, S.V., Plaksin, S.V., Kuimov, V.M., and Gorelov, V.P., The across-plane conductivity and microstructure of SrZr0.95Y0.05O3–d thin films, Ionics, 2013, vol. 19, p. 1715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dunyushkina, L.A., Pankratov, A.A., Gorelov, V.P., Brouzgou, A., and Tsiakaras, P., Deposition and characterization of Y-doped CaZrO3 electrolyte film on a porous SrTi0.8Fe0.2O3–d substrate, Electrochim. Acta, 2016, vol. 202, p. 39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dunyushkina, L.A., Kuimov, V.M., Pankratov, A.A., Reznitskikh, O.G., and Khaliullina, A.Sh., Synthesis, microstructure, and electric properties of CaZr0.9Y0.1O3–d films obtained on porous SrTi0.8Fe0.2O3–d substrates, Russ. J. Electrochem., 2016, vol. 52, no. 11, p. 1057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dunyushkina, L.A., Kuz’min, A.V., Kuimov, V.M., Khaliullina, A.Sh., Plekhanov, M.S., and Bogdanovich, N.M., Electrode materials for solid oxide fuel cells with CaZrO3 based proton conducting electrolyte, Russ. J. Electrochem., 2017, vol. 53, no. 2, p. 196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhu, W., Ding, D., and Xia, C., Enhancement in threephase boundary of SOFC electrodes by an ion impregnation method: a modeling comparison, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett., 2008, vol. 11, p. B83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Irvine, J., Sinclair, D., and West, A., Electroceramics: characterization by impedance spectroscopy, Adv. Mater., 1990, vol. 2, p. 132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bao, J., Okuyama, Y., Shi, Z., Fukatsu, N., and Kurita, N., Properties of electrical conductivity in Y-doped CaZrO3, Mater. Trans., 2012, vol. 53, p. 973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. M. Kuimov
    • 1
  • A. Sh. Khaliullina
    • 1
  • A. A. Pankratov
    • 1
  • B. D. Antonov
    • 1
  • L. A. Dunyushkina
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of High Temperature ElectrochemistryUral Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

Personalised recommendations