Russian Journal of Genetics

, Volume 53, Issue 10, pp 1152–1158 | Cite as

Genetic characterization of Balkars and Karachays according to the variability of the Y chromosome

  • M. A. DzhaubermezovEmail author
  • N. V. Ekomasova
  • S. S. Litvinov
  • R. I. Khusainova
  • V. L. Akhmetova
  • N. V. Balinova
  • E. K. Khusnutdinova
Human Genetics


The genetic diversity in two ethnic groups of the central part of the North Caucasus (Balkars and Karachays) using 50 diallelic loci in the non-recombining region of the Y chromosome was analyzed. For the first time, an analysis of distribution of frequencies of Y-chromosome haplogroups in Balkars considering different subethnic groups (Baksans, Chegems, Kholams, Bezengiyevs, and Malkars) was conducted. The major Y-chromosome haplogroups in the studied groups of Balkars and Karachays were G2a-P16 and R1a- Z2123. In addition, for a better understanding of genetic relationship between the male lineages in the studied populations and other populations of the Caucasus, we performed an analysis of R1a-M198 subhaplogroups in 22 populations of this region. The principal component analysis demonstrated that a greater difference was observed between Kholams and the other Balkar subgroups. According to the F st analysis, Chegems, for which the prevalence of haplogroup R1b-M478 (32.2%) was reported, demonstrated the maximum difference from the other subpopulations of Balkars and Karachays.


population genetics human genetics Y chromosome phylogeography 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Dzhaubermezov
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. V. Ekomasova
    • 1
  • S. S. Litvinov
    • 2
    • 3
  • R. I. Khusainova
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. L. Akhmetova
    • 2
  • N. V. Balinova
    • 4
  • E. K. Khusnutdinova
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Fundamental MedicineBashkir State UniversityUfaRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics, Ufa Scientific CenterRussian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia
  3. 3.Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cell BiologyUniversity of Tartu and Estonian BiocentreTartuEstonia
  4. 4.Research Centre for Medical GeneticsMoscowRussia

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