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Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 63–68 | Cite as

S-Methylmethionine-Salicylate Pretreatment Reduces Low Temperature Stress in Maize

  • C. OláhEmail author
  • E. Ludmerszki
  • I. Rácz
  • G. Balassa
  • S. Rudnóy
Research Papers
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

Low temperature is one of the major environmental stressors affecting cultivated plants, damaging metabolic processes and cell structures. Due to its tropical origin maize (Zea mays L.) is particularly sensitive to chilling stress. The present study aimed to ascertain whether the amino acid derivative S-methylmethionine-salicylate (MMS) is effective in reducing cold stress injury in maize. In order to obtain more detailed information on the effect of MMS, changes were examined at the physiological, gene expression and metabolic levels. MMS pretreatment helped to preserve the photosynthetic activity, enhanced the expression of certain genes in the phenylpropanoid pathway and was measured higher anthocyanin content in the stalk. The results show that MMS pretreatment could reduce the damage caused by low temperature in maize.

Keywords

Zea mays S-methylmethionine-salicylate cold stress photosystem II phenylpropanoid pathway 

Abbreviations

CHS

chalcone synthase

C4H

cinnamate 4- hydroxylase

MMS

S-methylmethionine-salicylate

NPQ

non-photochemical quenching

PAL

phenylalanine ammonia-lyase

PSII

photosystem II

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SA

salicylic acid

SMM

Smethylmethionine

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Oláh
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. Ludmerszki
    • 1
  • I. Rácz
    • 1
  • G. Balassa
    • 1
  • S. Rudnóy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology and Molecular Plant BiologyEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary

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