Advertisement

Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 184–192 | Cite as

Specific features of photorespiration in photosynthetically active organs of C3 plants

  • N. S. BalaurEmail author
  • V. A. Vorontsov
  • L. F. Merenyuk
Research Papers

Abstract

Photorespiration of photosynthetically active organs of C3 plants (leaf, ear, stem, and leaf sheath) and C4 plants (leaf, tassel, stem, leaf sheath, ear husk) grown under greenhouse and field conditions was studied. Photorespiration was measured using a PTM-48A high-technology monitor of photosynthesis (Bioinstruments S.R.L., Moldova). It is shown that photorespiration (CO2 ejection after light turning off — apparent photorespiration) in C3 plants is characteristic only for their leaves. In other photosynthesizing organs, photorespiration was absent, like in the photosynthesizing organs of C4 plants. The absence of such after-light CO2 outburst was observed for 31 genotypes: 18 cereal species belonging to four species (Triticum aestivum L., T. durum Desf., Secale cereale L., and Triticale); 6 grain legumes belonging to 2 species (Pisum sativum L. and Glycine max L.); 7 species of wild and rarely cultivated genotypes (T. boeoticum Boiss., T. dicoccoides Koern., T. dicoccum Schuebl., T. spelta L., T. compactum Host., T. monococcum L., and T. sphaerococcum Persiv.), and 2 genotypes of C4 plants (Zea mays L. and Sorgum vulgaris L.). In all tested photosynthetically active genotypes, except of the C3 plant leaves, apparent photorespiration was absent, but rather active glycolate cycle operated. The activity of this cycle was determined from the activity of the key enzyme of this cycle — glycolate oxidase. It was supposed that C3 plants have two mechanisms of CO2 assimilation: the first one — the mechanism of C3 type localized in the leaves and the second one localized in other photosynthesizing organs, similar or with some elements of C4 mechanism of CO2 assimilation, limiting after-light CO2 ejection during the metabolism of glycolate.

Keywords

C3 and C4 plants photosynthesizing organs photorespiration photosynthesis dark respiration glycolate oxidase 

Abbreviations

PEPC

phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase

PSII

photosystem II

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Balaur, N., Expression of Photorespiration in Optimal Conditions and under Stress, Bul. Acad. Stiinte Mold. Stiintele vietii, 2006, no. 1, pp. 66–72.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Foyer, C.H., Bloom, A.J., Queval, G., and Noctor, G., Photorespiratory Metabolism: Genes Mutants, Energetics and Redox Signalling, Annu. Rev. Plant Biol., 2009, vol. 60, pp. 455–484.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Edwards, G.E. and Walker, D.A., C 3, C 4: Mechanisms, and Cellular and Environmental Regulation of Photosynthesis, Textbook on C 3, C 4 Photosynthesis, Oxford: Blackwell, 1983.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bohinski, R.C. Modern Concepts in Biochemistry, Boston: Allan and Bacon, 1983.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Photosynthesis, Govinjee, Ed., New York, etc., 1982.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    Chikov, V.N., Photorespiration, Soros. Obr. Zh., 1996, no. 11, pp. 2–8.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Martinelli, T., Whittaker, A., Masclaux-Daubresse, C., Farrant, J.M., Brilli, F., Loreto, F., and Vazzana, C., Evidence for the Presence of Photorespiration in Desiccation-Sensitive Leaves of the C4 “Resurrection” Sporobolus stapfianus during Dehydration Stress, J. Exp. Bot., 2007, vol. 58, pp. 3929–3939.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Physiology of Wheat Plants, Fiziologiya sel’skokhozyaistvennykh rastenii, vol. 4 (Physiology of Agricultural Plants, vol. 4), Henkel, P.A., Ed., Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1969.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Balaur, N.S. and Kopyt, M.I., Ontogeneticheskaya adaptatsiya energoobmena rastenii (Developmental Adaptation of Plant Energy Exchange), Chisinau: Shtiintsa, 1989.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Martinez, D.E., Luquez, V.M., Bartoli, C.G., and Guiamet, J.J., Persistence of Photosynthetic Components and Photochemical Efficiency in Ears of Water-Stressed Wheat (T. aestivum), Physiol. Plant., 2003, vol. 119, pp. 519–529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li, X., Wang, H., Li, H., Zhang, L., Teng, N., Lin, Q., Wang, J., Kuang, T., Li, Z., Zhang, A., and Lin, J., Awns Play a Dominant Role in Carbohydrate Production during the Grain-Filling Stages in Wheat (Triticum aestivum), Physiol. Plant., 2006, vol. 127, pp. 701–709.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Balaur, N.S., Vorontsov, V.A., Kleiman, E.I., and Ton, Yu.D., Novel Technique for Component Monitoring of CO2 Exchange in Plants, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2009, vol. 56, pp. 423–427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kolesnikov, V.P., Colorimetric Methods for Determination of Hydroxyacetic Acid Oxidase and Reductase, Biochemistry (Moscow), 1962, vol. 27, pp. 193–196.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chikov, V.N., Evolution of Notions about Relationships between Photosynthesis and Plant Productivity, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2008, vol. 55, pp. 130–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Eprintsev, A.T., Ivent’ev, A.N., and Popov, V.N., Distribution and Properties of Glycolate Oxidase from Bundle Sheath and Mesophyll Cells of Green Amaranth Leaves (Amaranthus retroflecsus), Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2005, vol. 52, pp. 622–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Eprintsev, A.T., Semenov, A.E., Navid, M., and Popov, V.N., Physical, Chemical, and Regulatory Properties of Glycolate Oxidase in C3 and C4 Plants, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2009, vol. 56, pp. 164–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Haiu, R., Berg, D., Peterhansel, Ch., Kreuzaler, F., Bari, R., Weier, D., Hirsch, H.-J., and Rademacher, T., Method for Producing Plants with Suppressed Photorespiration and Improved CO2 Fixation, Patent Appl. Publ., no. 2006/0095981 A1, May 4, 2006, US Patent on Aprilie 24, 2007.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Peterhansel, Ch. and Offermann, S., Reengineering of Carbon Fixation in Plants-Challenges for Plant Biotechnology to Improve Yields in a High-CO2 World, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol., 2011, vol. 23, pp. 1–5.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Peterhansel, Ch. and Maurino, V.G., Photorespiration Redesigned, Plant Physiol., 2011, vol. 155, pp. 49–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Moore, P.D., Plants and the Paleoatmosphere, J. Geol. Soc., 1983, vol. 140, pp. 13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ku, M.S.B., Wu, J., Dai, Z., Scott, R.A., Chu, C., and Edvards, G.E., Photosynthetic and Photorespiratory Characteristics of Flaveria Species, Plant Physiol., 1991, vol. 96, pp. 518–528.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Edvards, E.J. and Smith, S.A., Phylogenetic Analyses Reveal the Shady History of C4-Grasses, http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/0909672107/DCSupplemental.

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. S. Balaur
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. A. Vorontsov
    • 1
  • L. F. Merenyuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Genetics and Plant PhysiologyAcademy of Sciences of MoldovaChisinauMoldova

Personalised recommendations