Skip to main content

Effect of chronic irradiation on plant resistance to biotic stress in 30-km chernobyl nuclear power plant exclusion zone

Abstract

It was established in greenhouse experiments that infection with powdery moldew (Erysiphe graminis DC. f. sp. tritici Em. Marchal) and brown rust (Puccinia triticana Erikss. & Henn.) of three wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars (Mironovskaya 808, Polesskay 70, and Kiyanka) grown from seeds, collected in the Chernobyl exclusion zone, was 1.5–2.0 times higher than of plants grown from control seeds. On field trials in the Chernobyl zone, wheat plant resistance to biotic stress was reduced. At artificial infection with brown rust, the disease development was enhanced on plots with increased radiation background. One of the mechanisms of the declined phytoimmunity potential under the action of low doses of chronic irradiation is evidently a reduced activity of plant proteinase inhibitors. Thus, in wheat and rye (Secale cereale L., cv. Saratovskaya) grains, their activity reduced by 35–60% as compared to control. Active form and race formation in the population of the cereal stem rust causal agent (Puccinia graminis Pers.) was observed in the Chernobyl zone. A “new” population of this fungus with high frequency of more virulent clones than in other Ukraine regions was distinguished. The results obtained independently in greenhouse and field trials performed in the Chernobyl zone demonstrated radiation stress influence on the pathogen-plant interactions. They indicate a necessity of monitoring the microevolutionary processes occurring in both plants and their pathogens under conditions of technogenic stresses.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Grodzinsky, D.M., Severe Game of Hide-and-Seek, Chernobyl’: posledstviya katastrofy dlya cheloveka i prirody (Chernobyl: Aftereffects of Disaster for Man and Nature), St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2007, pp. 8–12.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Tverskoi, L.A., Grodzinsky, D.M., and Keisevich, L.V., Investigation of Biological Effect of Low Power Dose Radiation on Plant Pathogenic Fungi, Radiats. Biol.: Radioekol., 1997, vol. 37, pp. 797–803.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Vinnichenko, F.N., Filonik, I.A., Bil’chuk, V.S., and Mosolov, V.V., Effect of opaque-2 Gene on Activity of Proteinase Inhibitors in Maize Kernel, Fiziol. Biokh. Kul’t. Rast., 1988, vol. 20, pp. 493–497.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Northrop, J.H., Kunitz, M., and Herriot, R.M., Crystalline Enzyme, New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1948.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Scopes, R.K., Protein Purification: Principles and Practice, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1982.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Stakmen, E. and Kharrar, J., Osnovy patologii rastenii (Basics of Plant Pathology), Moscow: Inostrannaya Literatura, 1959.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Semenova, L.P., Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po izucheniyu rasovogo sostava vozbuditelei rzhavchiny khlebnykh zlakov (Recommendations for Investigation of the Race Composition of Cereal Rust Agents), Moscow: Vses. Akad. S-kh. Nauk im. Lenina, 1977.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Dospekhov, B.A., Metodika polevogo opyta (Method of the Field Experiment), Moscow: Kolos, 1979.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Dmitriev, A.P., Fitoaleksiny i ikh rol’ v ustoichivosti rastenii (Phytoalexins and Their Role in Plant Resistance), Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 2000.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Boubryak, I.I., Vilensky, E.F., Naumenko, V.D., and Grodzinsky, D.M., Influence of Combined Alpha, Beta and Gamma Radionuclide Contamination on the Frequency of waxy-Reversions in Barley Pollen, Sci. Total Environ., 1992, vol. 112, pp. 29–36.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Dmitriev, A.P., Lisker, I.S., and Bolotnikov, R.V., Differential Interaction between Tolerant Wheat Species and Clones of Puccinia recondita Agent, Mikol. Fitopatol., 2006, vol. 40, pp. 59–65.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Lekomtseva, S.N., Volkova, V.T., Zaitseva, L.G., Skolotneva, E.S., and Chaika, M.N., Analysis of Virulence of Puccinia graminis f. sp. triciti Isolates from Different Plant-Hosts, Mikol. Fitopatol., 2007, vol. 41, pp. 554–563.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Dmitriev, A.P., Grodzinsky, D.M., and Polishchuk, V.P., Systemic Plant Resistance Induced by Biogenic Inducers, Vestn. Khar’kovsk. Nats. Univ., Ser. Biologiya, 2005, vol. 2, pp. 19–27.

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Novokhatka, V.G. and Kryzhanovskaya, M.S., Stem Rust in Forest-Steppe of UkrSSR, Sborn. nauch. trudov Mironovskogo Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Selektsii i Semenovod. Pshenitsy, 1980, vol. 1, pp. 61–65.

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Skolotneva, E.S., Volkova, V.T., Zaitseva, L.G., and Lekomtseva, S.N., Virulence of Wheat Stem Rust Agent in the Central Region of Russia, Mikol. Fitopatol., 2010, vol. 44, pp. 367–371.

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Ozeretskovskaya, O.L., The Problems of Specific Phytoimmunity, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2002, vol. 49, pp. 131–136.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    D’yakov, Yu.T., Shnyreva, A.V., and Sergeev, A.Yu., Vvedenie v genetiku gribov (Introduction to Fungus Genetics), Moscow: Akademiya, 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Garnaga, N.G., 30-km Exclusion Zone of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant as a Source for Harmful Organisms for Agroindustry, Vestn. S-kh. Nauki, 2001, vol. 4, pp. 51–53.

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Tugai, T.I., Vasilevskaya, A.I., Artyshkova, L.V., Buzarova, E.I., and Nakonechnaya, L.T., Dynamics of Growth and Glucose Uptake by Some Penicillium Species with Radioadaptive Properties, Mikol. Fitopatol., 2010, vol. 44, pp. 452–462.

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Perkovskaya, G.Yu., Kravchuk, Zh.N., Grodzinsky, D.M., and Dmitriev, A.P., Induction of Reactive Oxygen Species and Phytoalexins in Onion (Allium cepa) Cell Culture by Biotic Elicitors Derived from the Fungus Botrytis cinerea, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2004, vol. 53, pp. 609–614.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. P. Dmitriev.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © A.P. Dmitriev, D.M. Grodzinskii, N.I. Gushcha, M.S. Kryzhanovskaya, 2011, published in Fiziologiya Rastenii, 2011, Vol. 58, No. 6, pp. 922–929.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Dmitriev, A.P., Grodzinskii, D.M., Gushcha, N.I. et al. Effect of chronic irradiation on plant resistance to biotic stress in 30-km chernobyl nuclear power plant exclusion zone. Russ J Plant Physiol 58, 1062 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1021443711060045

Download citation

Keywords

  • Triticum aestivum
  • Secale cereale
  • Zea mays
  • Erysiphe graminis
  • Puccinia triticana
  • P. graminis
  • phytoimmunity
  • exclusion zone of Chernobyl Nuclear Power plant
  • low doses of chronic irradiation
  • plant inhibitors of proteinases