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Arctic materials science: Current state and prospects

Abstract

The exploration of the Arctic is largely determined by the availability of materials that are necessary to create technical devices and facilities and can ensure comfort for people who stay and work in severe climatic conditions. Arctic materials should not only preserve their performance and physicochemical properties under low temperatures, high humidity, and excessive mechanical loads but also ensure a high reliability of equipment and facilities. The importance of materials for the exploration of the Arctic requires a generalizing analysis, understanding of the specifics of Arctic materials science, and determination of prospects for its development. To date, the scientific literature lacks such analysis and the authors of this article attempt to fill this gap.

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Correspondence to V. M. Buznik.

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Original Russian Text © V.M. Buznik, E.N. Kablov, 2017, published in Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk, 2017, Vol. 87, No. 9, pp. 827–839.

RAS Academician Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Buznik is Head of the Materials for the Arctic Climate Laboratory of the All-Russia Research Institute of Aviation Materials (VIAM). RAS Academician Evgenii Nikolaevich Kablov is VIAM Director General.

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Buznik, V.M., Kablov, E.N. Arctic materials science: Current state and prospects. Her. Russ. Acad. Sci. 87, 397–408 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S101933161705001X

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S101933161705001X

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • materials science
  • Arctic materials science
  • materials for the Arctic