The Upper Paleolithic man from Markina Gora: Morphology vs. genetics?

Abstract

The latest results of anthropological studies of bone remains from the earliest Upper Paleolithic burial discovered on Russian territory, the Markina Gora site (Kostenki 14), are described. Multivariate statistical methods and parallel studies of the buried skull structure and dentition established that their morphological characteristics undoubtedly belonged to the Caucasian complex. In combination with paleogenetic data, the findings contradict the earlier hypothesis of the southern origin of the Kostenki 14 individual and its similarity to the population of the Australo-Melanesian region.

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Correspondence to V. G. Moiseev.

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Original Russian Text © V.G. Moiseev, V.I. Khartanovich, A.V. Zubova, 2017, published in Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk, 2017, Vol. 87, No. 3, pp. 213–220.

Vyacheslav Grigor’evich Moiseev, Cand Sci. (Hist.), is a Senior Researcher at the RAS Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (RAS MAE). Valerii Ivanovich Khartanovich, Cand. Sci. (Hist.), is Head of the Anthropology Department, RAS MAE. Alisa Vladimirovna Zubova, Cand Sci. (Hist.), is a Senior Researcher at the RAS Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography (RAS IAET), RAS Siberian Branch.

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Moiseev, V.G., Khartanovich, V.I. & Zubova, A.V. The Upper Paleolithic man from Markina Gora: Morphology vs. genetics?. Her. Russ. Acad. Sci. 87, 165–171 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1019331617010099

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Keywords

  • Kostenki 14
  • Markina Gora
  • Upper Paleolithic
  • craniology
  • odontology
  • paleogenetics
  • anthropology