Ageing of the population in the Russian Federation: The current trends and indicators
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- Bucher, S. Her. Russ. Acad. Sci. (2016) 86: 97. doi:10.1134/S1019331616020027
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The age structure of a population is an important factor of progressive economic growth. Population ageing is associated with the demographic characteristics of the population; when we evaluate population ageing, we evaluate population processes and indicators that are typically interconnected and interrelated. Two main factors contribute to the ageing of a population, namely, declines in mortality and fertility. Our study aims at describing population ageing in the Russian Federation by the last census of 2010. The purpose of the present paper is also to highlight selected indicators of population ageing in 83 federal subjects of Russia, showing a significant spatial differentiation of population ageing, depending on gender and urban–rural habitation.