Skip to main content
Log in

Effect of Compatibilizer and Nucleation Agent on the Properties of Poly(lactic acid)/Polycarbonate (PLA/PC) Blends

  • Polymer Blends
  • Published:
Polymer Science, Series A Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and polycarbonate (PC) blends were prepared by melt processing with a twin-screw extruder. Ethylene-maleic anhydride-glycidyl methacrylate terpolymer (EMG) as compatibilizer and talc as nucleation agent were added in PLA/PC blends. The effect of EMG and talc on the mechanical properties including tensile, flexural, Izod notched impact properties and heat deflection temperature (HDT) of PLA/PC blends were investigated. The morphologies were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The crystalline behavior of PLA/PC blends was analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The nanoscale mechanical properties of PLA/PC blends were investigated by atomic force microscope (AFM). The results showed that the addition of EMG and talc simultaneously with annealing treatment is the most effective process.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. T. Yu, J. Ren, S. Y. Gu, and M. Yang, Polym. Int. 58, 1058 (2009).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. T. Yu, C. Q. Hu, X. J. Chen, and Y. Li, Composites, Part A 76, 20 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. J. Ren, T. Yu, H. Li, T. B. Ren, and S. Yang, Polym. Compos. 29, 1145 (2008).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. S. Gu, M. Yang, T. Yu, T. Ren, and J. Ren, Polym. Int. 57, 982 (2008).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. T. Yu, J. Ren, S. Y. Gu, and M. Yang, Polym. Adv. Technol. 21, 183 (2010).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. A. S. Luyt and S. Gasmi, J. Mater. Sci. 51, 4670 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. N. W. Zhang, C. Zeng, L. Wang, and J. Ren, J. Polym. Environ. 21, 286 (2013).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. K. Hamad, M. Kaseem, F. Deri, and Y. G. Ko, Mater. Lett. 164, 409 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Z. Xiong, C. Li, S. Q. Ma, J. X. Feng, Y. Yang, R. Y. Zhang, and J. Zhu, Carbohydr. Polym. 95, 77 (2013).

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Y. W. Xu, J. Loi, P. Delgado, V. Topolkaraev, R. J. McEneany, C. W. Macosko, and M. A. Hillmyer, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 54, 6108 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Y. H. Wang, Y. Y. Shi, J. Dai, J. H. Yang, T. Huang, N. Zhang, Y. Peng, and Y. Wang, Polym. Int. 62, 957 (2013).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. N. G. Karsli and A. Aytac, Fibers Polym. 15, 2607 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. L. Lin, C. Deng, and Y. Z. Wang, Polym. Adv. Technol. 26, 1247 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. J. B. Lee, Y. K. Lee, G. D. Choi, S. W. Na, T. S. Park, and W. N. Kim, Polym. Degrad. Stab. 96, 553 (2011).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. V. T. Phuong, M. B. Coltelli, P. Cinelli, M. Cifelli, S. Verstichel, and A. Lazzeri, Polymer 55, 4498 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Y. Wang, S. M. Chiao, T. F. Hung, and S. Y. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 125, E402 (2012).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. L. Lin, C. Deng, G. P. Lin, and Y. Z. Wang, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 54, 5643 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. N. Yarahmadi, I. Jakubowicz, and J. Enebro, J. Appl. Polym. Sc.133 (2016).

  19. T. Tabi, A. Suplicz, T. Czigany, and J. G. Kovacs, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 118, 1419 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. N. Petchwattana, S. Covavisaruch, and S. Petthai, Polym. Bull. 71, 1947 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. C. Kaynak and A. R. Erdogan, Polym. Adv. Technol. 27, 812 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zehua Qu.

Additional information

The article is published in the original.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Qu, Z., Hu, X., Pan, X. et al. Effect of Compatibilizer and Nucleation Agent on the Properties of Poly(lactic acid)/Polycarbonate (PLA/PC) Blends. Polym. Sci. Ser. A 60, 499–506 (2018).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: