Ultrafiltration of Oil-in-Water Emulsions with a Dynamic Nylon–Polystyrene Membrane

Abstract

Dynamic nylon–polystyrene membranes with polystyrene contents of 2.6 and 4.1 wt % have been obtained by applying polystyrene with a particle size of 142–452 nm onto the surface of a nylon membrane with a pore size of 0.45 μm. The deposition of polystyrene onto the surface of the nylon membrane was indirectly confirmed by Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy and probe microscopy. The contact angle of distilled water on the membrane has been found to increase from 44.5° to 106.2° as a result of the deposition of polystyrene particles onto the surface of the initial membrane. The specific productivity of the initial and modified membranes with respect to distilled water and a water–oil emulsion was determined. It has been found that the membrane modification leads to an increase in the degree of removal of petroleum products from an oil-in-water emulsion by 62%; the size of particles separated by the membrane after modification decreased from 450 to 151 nm. It has also been revealed that the specific productivity of the nylon–polystyrene membrane and the original nylon membrane is restored to 98 and 90% of the initial values, respectively, by regeneration.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    H. Falahati and A. Y. Tremblay, J. Membr. Sci. 371, 239 (2011).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    N. Hilal, G. Busca, F. Talens-Alesson, and B. P. Atkin, Chem. Eng. Process. 43, 811 (2004).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Zh. Yijiang, T. Yi, W. Fook-Sin, et al., Sep. Purif. Technol. 44, 212 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    N. M. Kocherginskya, L. T. Chin, and F. L. Wen, J. Membr. Sci. 220, 117 (2003).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    E. Abolfazl and M. Toraj, Desalination 185, 371 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    B. Hua and K. Scott, Chem. Eng. J. 136, 210 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    A. Lobo, A. Cambiella, J. M. Benito, et al., J. Membr. Sci. 278, 328 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    D. D. Fazullin, G. V. Mavrin, and I. G. Shaikhiev, Res. J. Pharm. Biol. Chem. Sci., No. 7, 1751 (2016).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    S. S. Dukhin and T. V. Knyaz’kova, Kolloid. Zh., No. 1, 31 (1980).

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    L. I. Rudenko, O. V. Dzhuzha, V. E. Khan, and S. I. Koval’chuk, Rep. Natl. Acad. Sci. Ukr., No. 6, 139 (2007).

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    T. A. Savitskaya, O. L. Epshtein, and O. G. Kulinkovich, Colloid J. 62, 746 (2000)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    N. P. Nechitailo, in Proceedings of IV International Conference “Water, Ecology, and Society” (Kharkov, 2014), p. 112 [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    X. Wang, D. Fang, K. Yoon, et al., J. Membr. Sci. 278, 261 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    S. Jons, P. Ries, and C. J. McDonald, J. Membr. Sci. 155, 79 (1999).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    P. Marchetti, M. Mechelhoff, and A. G. Livingston, Sci. Rep. 5, 17353 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    A. N. Krasovskii, D. V. Novikov, N. A. Osmolovskaya, and S. V. Borisova, Polym. Sci., Ser. A 54, 451 (2012).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    V. M. Zolotarev, V. N. Morozov, and V. E. Smirnova, Optical Constants of Natural and Technical Media: A Handbook (Khimiya, Leningrad, 1984).

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    B. N. Tarasevich, IR Spectra of Main Classes of Organic Compounds: Reference Data (MGU imeni M.V. Lomonosova, Moscow, 2012) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    D. D. Fazullin, G. V. Mavrin, I. G. Shaikhiev, and M. P. Sokolov, Mod. Appl. Sci. 9, 242 (2015).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    D. D. Fazullin, G. V. Mavrin, I. G. Shaikhiev, and E. A. Haritonova, Pet. Chem. 56, 454 (2016).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    D. D. Fazullin, G. V. Mavrin, and I. G. Shaikhiev, Pet. Chem. 57, 165 (2017).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    S. A. Sedysheva, Extended Abstract of Candidate’s Dissertation in Chemistry (Moscow, 2011).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to D. D. Fazullin.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © D.D. Fazullin, G.V. Mavrin, I.G. Shaikhiev, I.R. Nizameev, 2018, published in Membrany i Membrannye Tekhnologii, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 51–58.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Fazullin, D.D., Mavrin, G.V., Shaikhiev, I.G. et al. Ultrafiltration of Oil-in-Water Emulsions with a Dynamic Nylon–Polystyrene Membrane. Pet. Chem. 58, 145–151 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0965544117130047

Download citation

Keywords

  • emulsion
  • ultrafiltration
  • dynamic membranes
  • nylon
  • polystyrene