Four catalyst precursors were prepared to assess the performance on the upgrading process of heavy oil. It has been showed that viscosity of Lukeqin heavy oil was decreased significantly, which revealed a viscosity reduction ratio of up to 99.28% with a catalyst precursor concentration of 0.12 wt %, reaction temperature of 365°С and reaction time of 40 min. Analysis of the oil after upgrading showed an obviously change in the composition of hydrocarbon components. The increase of light fractions after reaction improved the properties of heavy oil which is benefit to the pipeline transportation and downstream refining. Meanwhile, the mechanism of upgrading was also investigated. This work proved that heavy oil can be effectively upgraded with the catalyst precursor of petroleum acid iron.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
R. Hashemi, N. N. Nassar, and P. P. Almao, Energy Fuels 27, 2194 (2013).
Y. L. Chen, Y. Q. Wang, J. Y. Lu, and C. Wu, Fuel 88, 1426 (2009).
W. C. Angle, L. Lue, T. Dabros, and H. A. Hamza, Energy Fuels 19, 2014 (2005).
J. G. Weissman, Fuel Process Technol. 50, 199 (1997).
W. C. Lyons, G. J. Plisga, and M. D. Lorenz, Standard Handbook of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (Houston, USA, 2005).
L. A. Pinedaperez, L. Carbognani, R. J. Spencer, B. Maini, and P. Pereiraalmao, Energy Fuels 24, 5947 (2010).
S. Bagci and M.V. Kok, Fuel Process Technol. 74, 65 (2001).
C. Metsai, W. Kantapong, C. Wiwan, B. Thanapong, T. O. Svein, and M. Kreangkrai, Earth Planet Sci. Lett. 6, 326 (2013).
U. U. Amanam and A. R. Kovscek, J. Petrol. Sci. Eng. 152, 406 (2017).
B. He, Q. Chen, and L. M. Castanier, Improved in situ Combustion Performance with Metallic Salt Additives (Irvine, USA, 2005).
M. Ramirez-Garnica, J. H. Perez, M. Cabrera-Reyes, P. Schacht-Hernandez, and D. D. Mamora, Increase Oil Recovery of Heavy Oil in Combustion Tube Using a New Catalyst Based Nickel Ionic Solution (Calgary, Canada, 2008).
T. Kar and B. Hascakir, J. Petrol. Sci. Eng. 146, 746 (2017).
I. M. Abdrafikova, G. P. Kayukova, S. M. Petrov, A. I. Ramazanova, R. Z. Musin, and V. I. Morozov, Petr. Chem. 55, 104 (2015).
P. D. Clark, J. B. Hyne, and J. D. Tyrer, Fuel 63, 1649 (1984).
H. M. Wang, X. D. Tang, K. Q. Meng, Y. X. Cui, Z. H. Wang, and F. Wang, Fine Chemicals 26, 566 (2009).
X. D. Tang, H. Zhu, J. J. Li, F. Wang, and D. Y. Qing, Petrol. Sci. Technol. 33, 1721 (2015).
I. Anugwom, P. Mäki-Arvela, T. Salmi, and J. P. Mikkola, Blood. 2, 796 (2011).
S. A. Dharaskar, K. L. Wasewar, M. N. Varma, and D. Z. Shende, J. Energy 23, 2013 (2013).
Y. Yu and K. Li, Petrol. Sci. Technol. 31, 2569 (2013).
H. Orbey and S. I. Sandler, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 71, 437 (1993).
Published in Russian in Neftekhimiya, 2017, Vol. 57, No. 6, pp. 639–644.
The article is published in the original.
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Tang, X.D., Chen, X.D., Li, J.J. et al. Experimental Study on Homogeneous Catalytic Upgrading of Heavy Oil. Pet. Chem. 57, 1018–1023 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0965544117120143
- heavy oil
- catalytic upgrading
- viscosity reduction
- catalyst precursor
- petroleum acid