Steel/TiO2/titanium composite membranes have been prepared by magnetron sputtering. The structure of the membrane substrate and that of the selective layers have been studied by scanning electron microscopy. It has been shown that membrane pores from 10 to 150 nm can be obtained by controlling the thickness of the deposited layer. It has been found that the adhesion of the ceramic and metal selective layers to the substrate is 0 according to the GOST 31149-2014 (ISO 2409:2013) classification. The steel/TiO2/titanium composite membranes possess high selectivity for high-molecular-weight substances and model suspended particles, with the flux of the membranes being on the order of 100 L/(m2 h bar) at a deposited-layer thickness of 1.5 μm.
This is a preview of subscription content,to check access.
Access this article
Similar content being viewed by others
R. W. Baker, Membrane Technology and Applications, 2nd Ed. (Wiley, Chichester, 2004).
M. Mulder, Basic Principles of Membrane Technology (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1996).
Yu. G. Zmievskii, I. I. Kirichuk, V. G. Mironchuk, and D. D. Kucheruk, Membr. Membr. Tekhnol. 4, 149 (2014).
R. E. Kesting, Synthetic Polymeric Membranes: A Structural Perspective, 2nd Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1985).
Membranes and Membrane Technologies, Ed. by A. B. Yaroslavtsev (Nauchnyi Mir, Moscow, 2013) [in Russian].
A. W. Mohammad, Y. H. Teow, W. L. Ang, et al., Desalination 356, 226 (2015).
T. V. Gestel, D. Sebold, W. A. Meulenberg, et al., Solid State Ionics 179, 1360 (2008).
W. A. Meulenberg, J. Mertens, M. Bram, et al., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 26, 449 (2006).
L. Zhonghong, Q. Nongxue, and Y. Gongming, J. Membr. Sci. 326, 533 (2009).
V. V. Nazarov, G. G. Kagramanov, N. G. Medvedkova, and Yu. I. Dytnerskii, RU Patent No. 2 088 319 (1997).
G. A. Dibrov, E. G. Novitskii, V. P. Vasilevskii, et al., in Proceedings of XII All-Russia Scientific Conference “Membranes’2013” (Vladimir, 2013), p. 90 [in Russian].
V. N. Lapovok, V. I. Novikov, and L. I. Trusov, RU Patent No. 2 040 371 (1995).
V. I. Novikov, A. I. Sharapaev, D. A. Korostylev, and A. V. Kuz’min, Khim. Tekhnol., No. 10, 608 (2015).
V. I. Novikov, A. I. Sharapaev, A. B. Petunin, and A. G. Muradova, Khim. Tekhnol., No. 11, 667 (2015).
V. S. Mitin, E. I. Sharipov, and A. V. Mitin, Surf. Eng. 22, 5 (2006).
C.-C. Li, J.-L. Huang, R.-J. Lin, et al., J. Mater. Res. 23, 579 (2008).
GOST (State Standard) 31149-2014 (ISO 2409:2013): Paints and Varnishes: Cross-Cut Test (Standartinform, Moscow, 2014).
Original Russian Text © V.S. Mitin, V.I. Novikov, A.I. Sharapaev, A.G. Muradova, 2016, published in Membrany i Membrannye Tekhnologii, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 243–248.
About this article
Cite this article
Mitin, V.S., Novikov, V.I., Sharapaev, A.I. et al. Preparation of steel/titanium dioxide/titanium three-layer composite membranes. Pet. Chem. 56, 915–919 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0965544116100066