Phase Relations in the Model System SiO2–MgO–Cr2O3: Evidence from the Results of Experiments in Petrologically Significant Sections at 12–24 GPa and 1600°C

Abstract

The new results of an experimental study of the majorite MgSiO3–magnesiochromite MgCr2O4 model section are discussed, and general topology of the SiO2–MgO–Cr2O3 system is analyzed. Despite the absence of some petrogenic components (CaO, FeO, Al2O3, Na2O, K2O, and others) in this system, our study, performed in wide pressure range (10–24 GPa), allows us to consider all of the most important phase transformations (in this case, magnesium silicates and oxides) in the upper mantle, transition zone, and uppermost lower mantle. Addition of Cr shows the influence of a minor element on the phase transition parameters. New data on the solubility of Cr in deep minerals (garnet, olivine, wadsleyite, ringwoodite, and bridgmanite) were obtained, which allowed us to determine the influence of Cr on the structural patterns of the major mantle phases. It is shown that addition of 1 wt % Cr2O3 shifts the boundaries of phase transformations by 50 km (olivine/wadsleyite) and 10 km (wadsleyite/ringwoodite) to a lower-pressure domain in comparison with Cr-free systems. In a first approximation, the results of experimental study of phase relations in pseudobinary sections of the SiO2–MgO–Cr2O3 system simulate the phase composition of the restitic part of the upper mantle, transition zone, and uppermost lower mantle under partial melting conditions. It is shown that the Cr concentration in mantle phases is significantly controlled by the Cr/Al ratio in the protolith.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The experimental and structural study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 17-17-01169. In this study, we used the author’s database of high-pressure phase associations, created with the support of Program 8P no. 0137-2018-0043.

This study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 17-17-01169.

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Correspondence to E. A. Matrosova or A. V. Bobrov or L. Bindi or T. Irifune.

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Translated by A. Bobrov

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Matrosova, E.A., Bobrov, A.V., Bindi, L. et al. Phase Relations in the Model System SiO2–MgO–Cr2O3: Evidence from the Results of Experiments in Petrologically Significant Sections at 12–24 GPa and 1600°C. Petrology 26, 588–598 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0869591118060048

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Keywords:

  • mantle
  • majorite
  • knorringite
  • magnesiochromite
  • experiment