, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 594–607 | Cite as

Protolith age of eclogites from the southern part of Pezhostrov Island, Belomorian belt: Protolith of metabasites as indicator of eclogitization time

  • S. G. SkublovEmail author
  • A. V. Berezin
  • A. E. Melnik
  • B. Yu. Astafiev
  • O. A. Voinova
  • V. I. Alekseev


Several types of metabasites of different age were identified in the southern part of Pezhostrov Island: eclogites with a magmatic protolith age of about 2200 Ma and 2500 Ma old metagabbroanorthosites that retained no eclogitic assemblage. It is shown that the Paleoproterozoic eclogites dominate volumetrically over Archean eclogites in the Belomorian eclogitic province. Eclogites with the youngest Jatulian protolith age (no older than 2200 Ma) occur with the same frequency as those with the Archean protolith age. A new find of eclogites with a Paleoproterozoic age of magmatic protolith and generalization of accumulated geochronological data confirm the recognition of an extended zone of high-pressure metamorphism with an age around 1900 Ma in the Belomorian mobile belt.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alexejev, N.L., Zinger, T.F., Belyatsky, B.V., and Balagansky, V.V., Age of crystallization and metamorphism of the Pezhostrov gabbro-anorthosites, northern Karelia (Russia), Abstracts SVEKALAPKO, 5th Meeting, Lammi: 2000, p. 5.Google Scholar
  2. Amelin, Yu.V., Heaman, L.M., and Semenov, V.S., U-Pb geochronology of layered mafic intrusions in the eastern Baltic Shield—implications for the timing and duration of Paleoproterozoic continental rifting, Precambrian Res., 1995, vol. 75, pp. 31–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arestova, N.A., Evolution of basite–ultrabasite magmatism of the Baltic Shield within 3.4–2.4 Ga, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Geolmin) Dissertation, St. Petersburg: IGGD RAN, 2004.Google Scholar
  4. Balagansky, V., Shchipansky, A., Slabunov, A.I., et al., Archaean Kuru-Vaara eclogites in the northern Belomorian Province, Fennoscandian Shield: crustal architecture, timing, and tectonic implications, Int. Geol. Rev., 2015, vol. 57, pp. 1543–1565.Google Scholar
  5. Berezin, A.V. and Skublov, S.G., Eclogite-like apogabbro rocks in Sidorov and Bolshaya Ileika islands, Keret Archipelago, White Sea: compositional characteristics, metamorphic age and conditions, Petrology, 2014, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 234–254.Google Scholar
  6. Berezin, A.V., Travin, V.V., Marin, Yu.B., et al., New U–Pb and Sm–Nd ages and P–T estimates for eclogitization in the Fe-rich gabbro dyke in Gridino Area (Belomorian Mobile Belt), Dokl. Earth Sci., 2012, vol. 444, no. 2, pp. 760–765.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Berezin, A.V., Skublov, S.G., Marin, Yu.B., et al., New occurrence of eclogite in the Belomorian Mobile Belt: geology, metamorphic conditions, and isotope age, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2013, vol. 448, no. 1, pp. 43–53.Google Scholar
  8. Bibikova, E.V., Bogdanova, S.V., Glebovitskii, V.A., et al., Evolution of the Belomorian Belt: NORDSIM U-Pb zircon dating of the Chupa paragneisses, magmatism, and metamorphic stages, Petrology, 2004, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 195–210.Google Scholar
  9. Carswell, D.A., Eclogites and the eclogite facies: definitions and classifications, in Eclogite Facies Rocks, Carswell, D.A., Ed., Glasgow: Blackie, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Corfu, F., Hanchar, J.M., Hoskin, P.W.O., and Kinny, P., Atlas of zircon, Rev. Mineral. Geochem., 2003, vol. 53, pp. 469–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dokukina, K.A., Konilov, A.N., Van, K.V., et al., Origin of Early Paleoproterozoic zircons in rocks of the Archean eclogite association of Gridino (Belomorian Eclogite Province), Dokl. Earth Sci., 2012, vol. 445, no. 1, pp. 832–839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fedotova, A.A., Bibikova, E.V., and Simakin, S.G., Ionmicroprobe zircon geochemistry as an indicator of mineral genesis during geochronological studies, Geochem. Int., 2008, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 912–927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hanchar, J.M. and van Westrenen, W., Rare earth element behavior in zircon-melt systems, Elements, 2007, vol. 3, pp. 37–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hinton, R.W. and Upton, B.G.J., The chemistry of zircon: variations within and between large crystals from syenite and alkali basalt xenoliths, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 1991, vol. 55, pp. 3287–3302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hoskin, P.W.O. and Schaltegger, U., The composition of zircon and igneous and metamorphic petrogenesis, Rev. Mineral. Geochem., 2003, vol. 53, pp. 27–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kaulina, T.V. and Bogdanova, M.N., Main stages in the evolution of the western Belomorian belt: U-Pb isotope data, Litosfera, 2000, no. 12, pp. 85–98.Google Scholar
  17. Kaulina, T.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Presnyakov, S.L., et al., Metamorphic evolution of the Archean eclogite-like rocks of the Shirokaya and Uzkaya Salma area (Kola Peninsula): geochemical features of zircon, composition of inclusions, and age, Geochem. Int., 2010, vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 871–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Herwartz, D., Skublov, S.G., Berezin, A.V., and Mel’nik, A.E., First Lu–Hf garnet ages of eclogites from the Belomorian Mobile Belt (Baltic Shield, Russia), Dokl. Earth Sci., 2012, vol. 443, no. 1, pp. 377–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Konilov, A.N., Shchipansky, A.A., Mints, M.V., et al., The Salma eclogites of the Belomorian province, Russia: HP/UHP metamorphism through the subduction of Mesoarchean oceanic crust, in Ultrahigh-Pressure Metamorphism, Dobrzhinetskaya, L.F., Faryad, S.W., and Wallis, S., Eds., Elsevier, 2011, p. 623–644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Korikovsky, S.P., Depth facies of the moderate-temperature crustal eclogites in the P–T stability field of felsic plagioclase, in Tez. dokl. Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii k 100-letiyu N.A. Eliseeva (Proceedings of the International Conference Devoted to the 100th Anniversary of N.A. Eliseev), St. Petersburg, 1998, p. 5.Google Scholar
  21. Korikovsky, S.P., Metamorphic transformations of metapelites, gneisses and granitoids in the eclogite facies, in Sovremennye problemy magmatizma i metamorfizma. Materialy Vserossiiskoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 150-letiyu akademika F. Yu. Levinsona-Lessinga i 100-letiyu professora G.M. Saranchina (Modern Problems of Magmatism and Metamorphism. Proceedings of All-Russian Conference Dedicated to the 150th Anniversary of the Academician F.Yu. Levinsona-Lessing and 100th Anniversary of Professor G.M. Saranchina), Moscow–Sankt-Petersburg, 2012, pp. 291–294.Google Scholar
  22. Korikovsky, S.P., Mirchovskii, V., and Zakariadze, G.S., Metamorphic evolution and the composition of the protolith of plagioclase-bearing eclogite-amphibolites of the Buchim Block of the Serbo-Macedonian Massif, Macedonia, Petrology, 1997, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 534–549.Google Scholar
  23. Korikovsky, S.P., Kotov, A.B., Sal’nikova, E.B., et al., The age of the protolith of metamorphic rocks in the southeastern part of the Lapland granulite belt, southern Kola Peninsula: correlation with the Belomorian Mobile Belt in the context of the problem of Archean eclogites, Petrology, 2014, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 91–108.Google Scholar
  24. Kozlovsky, V.M. and Aranovich, L.Ya., Geological and structural conditions of eclogitization of Paleoproterozoic basic dikes in the eastern Belomorian Mobile Belt, Geotectonics, 2008, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 305–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kozlovskii, V.M. and Aranovich, L.Ya., Petrology and thermobarometry of eclogite rocks in the Krasnaya Guba dike field, Belomorian Mobile Belt, Petrology, 2010, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 27–49.Google Scholar
  26. McDonough, W.F. and Sun, S.S., The composition of the Earth, Chem. Geol., 1995, vol. 120, pp. 223–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mel’nik, A.E., Eclogites of the northwestern Belomorian Mobile Belt: Geochemical Characteristics and Timing of Metamorphism, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Geolmin) Dissertation, St. Petersburg: IGGD RAN, 2015.Google Scholar
  28. Mints, M.V., Belousova, E.A., Konilov, A.N., et al., Mesoarchean subduction processes: 2.87 Ga eclogites from the Kola Peninsula, Russia, Geology, 2010, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 739–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mints, M.V., Konilov, A.N., Dokukina, K.A., et al., The Belomorian eclogite province: unique evidence of Meso-Neoarchaean subduction and collision, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2010, vol. 434, no. 6, pp. 1311–1316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mints, M.V., Dokukina, K.A., and Konilov, A.N., The Meso-Neoarchaean Belomorian eclogite province: tectonic position and geodynamic evolution, Gondwana Res., 2014, vol. 25, pp. 561–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Möller, A., Appel, P., Mezger, K., and Schenk, V., Evidence for a 2 Ga subduction zone: eclogites in the Usagarian belt of Tanzania, Geology, 1995, vol. 23, pp. 1067–1070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Myskova, T.A., Mil’kevich, R.I., L’vov, A.B., and Miller, Yu.V., Origin of the Belomorian Chupa gneiss in the light of new lithogeochemical data, Lithol. Miner. Resour., 2000, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 583–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rubatto, D., Zircon trace-element geochemistry: partitioning with garnet and the link between U-Pb ages and metamorphism, Chem. Geol., 2002, vol. 184, pp. 123–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sergeev, S.A., Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., and Arestova, N.A., Problem of the isotope dating of mafic rocks, Dokl. Earth Sci., 1999, vol. 365, no. 2, pp. 354–357.Google Scholar
  35. Sharkov, E.V., Lyakhovich, Vl.V., and Ledneva, G.V., Petrology of the Paleoproterozoic drusite complex of the Belomorian Belt by the example of the Pezhostrov Massif, Northern Karelia, Petrologiya, 1994, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 511–531.Google Scholar
  36. Shchipansky, A.A. and Slabunov, A.I., Provenance of “Svecofennian” zircons in the Belomorian Mobile Belt, Baltic Shield, and some geodynamic implications, Geochem. Int., 2015, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 869–891.Google Scholar
  37. Shchipansky, A.A., Khodorevskaya, L.I., Konilov, A.N., and Slabunov, A.I., Eclogites from the Belomorian mobile belt (Kola Peninsula): geology and petrology, Russ. Geol. Geoohys., 2012a, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Shchipansky, A.A., Khodorevskaya, L.I., and Slabunov, A.I., The geochemistry and isotopic age of eclogites from Belomorian mobile belt (Kola Peninsula): evidence for subducted Archean oceanic crust, Russ. Geol. Geophys., 2012b, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 262–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Shurkin, K.A. and Levkovskii, R.Z., Age of the gabbro-labradorite intrusions of the Belomorian Belt, in Voprosy geologii i zakonomernosti razmeshcheniya poleznykh iskopaemykh Karelii (Problems of Geology and Tendencies in the Distribution of Mineral Resources of Karelia), Petrozavodsk: Inst. Geologii MinGeo SSSR, 1966, pp. 267–289.Google Scholar
  40. Shurkin, K.A., Duk, V.L., and Mitrofanov, F.P., Proceedings on geology and petrography of the Archean gabbrolabradorites of North Karelia, Tr. Labor. Geologii Dokembr. AN SSSR, 1960, no. 9, pp. 120–149.Google Scholar
  41. Skublov, S.G., Balashov, Yu.A., Marin, Yu.B., et al., U–Pb age and geochemistry of zircons from Salma eclogites (Kuru-Vaara Deposit, Belomorian Belt), Dokl. Earth Sci., 2010, vol. 432, no. 5, pp. 791–798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Skublov, S.G., Astaf’ev, B.Yu., Marin, Yu.B., et al., New data on the age of eclogites from the Belomorian Mobile Belt at Gridino Settlement Area, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2011a, vol. 439, no. 2, pp. 1163–1170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Skublov, S.G., Berezin, A.V., and Mel’nik, A.E., Paleoproterozoic eclogites in the Salma area, northwestern Belomorian Mobile Belt: composition and isotopic geochronologic characteristics of minerals and metamorphic age, Petrology, 2011b, vol.19, no. 5, pp. 470–495.Google Scholar
  44. Skublov, S.G., Berezin, A.V., and Berezhnaya, N.G., General relations in the trace-element composition of zircons from eclogites with implications for the age of eclogites in the Belomorian Mobile Belt, Petrology, 2012, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 427–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Skublov, S.G., Mel’nik, A.E., Marin, Yu.B., et al., New data on the age (U–Pb, Sm–Nd) of metamorphism and a protolith of eclogite-like rocks from the Krasnaya Guba area, Belomorian Belt, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2013, vol. 453, no. 1, pp. 1158–1164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Slabunov, A.I., Volodichev, O.I., Skublov, S.G., and Berezin, A.V., Main stages of the formation of Paleoproterozoic eclogitized gabbro-norite: evidence from U–Pb (SHRIMP) dating of zircons and study of their genesis, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2011, vol. 437, no. 1, pp. 396–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Stepanov, V.S., Osnovnoi magmatizm dokembriya Zapadnogo Belomor’ya (Precambrian Mafic Magmatism of the Western Belomorian Belt), Leningrad: Nauka, 1981.Google Scholar
  48. Stepanov, V.S. and Slabunov, A.I., Amfibolity i rannie bazitul’trabazity dokembriya Severnoi Karelii (Precambrian Amphibolites and Early Basite–Ultrabasites of North Karelia), Leningrad: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar
  49. Stepanova, A.V., Larionov, A.N., Bibikova, E.V., et al., Early Proteorozoic (2.1 Ga) Fe-tholeiitic magmatism of the Belomorian Province, Baltic Shield: geochemistry and geochronology, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2003, vol. 390, no. 1, pp. 607–610.Google Scholar
  50. Travin, V.V. and Kozlova, N.E., Eclogitization of basites in Early Proterozoic shear zones in the area of the village of Gridino, Western Belomorie, Petrology, 2009, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 684–706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Volodichev, O.I., Slabunov, A.I., Bibikova, E.V, et al., Archean eclogites in the Belomorian Mobile Belt, Baltic Shield, Petrology, 2004, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 540–560.Google Scholar
  52. Volodichev, O.I., Slabunov, A.I., Sibelev, O.S., et al., Geochronology, mineral inclusions, and geochemistry of zircons in eclogitized gabbronorites in the Gridino Area, Belomorian Province, Geochem. Int., 2012, vol. 50, no. 8, pp. 657–670.Google Scholar
  53. Volodichev, O.I., Maksimov, O.A., Slabunov, A.I., and Kuzenko, T.I., Petrological and geochronological indicators of two stages (?) of the Archean eclogite-facies metamorphism in the Belomorian Mobile Belt of Fennoscandian Shield (Gridino Suture), in Petrografiya magmaticheskikh i metamorficheskikh gornykh porod. Materialy XII Vserossiiskogo Petrograficheskogo soveshchaniya s uchastiem zarubezhnykh uchenykh (Petrography of Magmatic and Metamorphic Rocks. Proceedings of 12th All-Russian Petrographic Conference with Participation of Foreign Scientists), Petrozavodsk: Karel’skii nauchnyi tsentr RAN, 2015, pp. 394–397.Google Scholar
  54. Watson, E.B., Wark, D.A., and Thomas, J.B., Crystallization thermometers for zircon and rutile, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 2006, vol. 151, pp. 413–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Williams, I.S., U-Th-Pb geochronology by ion microprobe, Rev. Econ. Geol., 1998, vol. 7, pp. 1–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Skublov
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. V. Berezin
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. E. Melnik
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. Yu. Astafiev
    • 1
  • O. A. Voinova
    • 4
  • V. I. Alekseev
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Precambrian Geology and GeochronologyRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.National Mineral Resources University (University of Mines)St. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Karpinskii Russian Geological Research InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations