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Journal of Volcanology and Seismology

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 1–15 | Cite as

Satellite and Ground-Based Observations of Explosive Eruptions on Zhupanovsky Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia in 2013 and in 2014–2016

  • O. A. GirinaEmail author
  • E. A. Loupian
  • A. A. Sorokin
  • D. V. Mel’nikov
  • A. G. Manevich
  • T. M. Manevich
Article
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

The active andesitic Zhupanovsky Volcano consists of four coalesced stratovolcano cones. The historical explosive eruptions of 1940, 1957, and 2014‒2016 discharged material from the Priemysh Cone. The recent Zhupanovsky eruptions were studied using satellite data supplied by the Monitoring of Active Volcanoes in Kamchatka and on the Kuril Islands information system (VolSatView), as well as based on video and visual observations of the volcano. The first eruption started on October 22 and lasted until October 24, 2013. Fumaroles situated on the Priemysh western slope were the centers that discharged gas plumes charged with some amount of ash. The next eruption started on June 6, 2014 and lasted until November 20, 2016. The explosive activity of Zhupanovsky was not uniform in 2014–2016, with the ash plumes being detected on satellite images for an approximate total duration of 112 days spread over 17 months. The most vigorous activity was observed between June and October, and in November 2014, with a bright thermal anomaly being nearly constantly seen on satellite images around Priemysh between January and April 2015 and in January–February 2016. The 2014–2016 eruption culminated in explosive events and collapse of parts of the Priemysh Cone on July 12 and 14, November 30, 2015, and on February 12 and November 20, 2016.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. A. Girina
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. A. Loupian
    • 2
  • A. A. Sorokin
    • 3
  • D. V. Mel’nikov
    • 1
  • A. G. Manevich
    • 1
  • T. M. Manevich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskiiRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Space ResearchRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Computation Center, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesKhabarovskRussia

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