Advertisement

Journal of Volcanology and Seismology

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 266–284 | Cite as

The Ploskie Sopki volcanic massif: Geology, petrochemistry, mineralogy, and petrogenesis (Klyuchevskoi Volcanic Cluster, Kamchatka)

  • G. B. FlerovEmail author
  • T. G. Churikova
  • V. V. Anan’ev
Article

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the geological history and petrology of a major polygenic volcanic edifice dating back to Upper Pleistocene to Holocene time. This long-lived volcanic center is remarkable in that it combines basaltic and trachybasaltic magmas which are found in basaltic andesite and trachybasaltic–trachyandesite series. The inference is that the coexisting parent magmas are genetically independent and are generated at different sources at depth in an upper mantle volume. The associated volcanic rocks have diverse compositions, stemming from a multi-stage spatio–temporal crystallization differentiation of the magmas and mixing of these in intermediate chambers.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Balesta, S.T., Ivanov, B.V., Utnasin, V.K., and Anosov, G.N., Crustal structure beneath the Klyuchevskoi Volcanic Cluster, tectonics and volcanism, in Glubinnoe stroenie, seismichnost' i sovremennaya deyatel’nost' Klyuchevskoi gruppy vulkanov (Deep Structure, Seismicity, and the Present-Day Activity of the Klychevskoi Volcanic Cluster), Vladivostok: DVNTs SSSR, 1976, pp. 7–16.Google Scholar
  2. Balesta, S.T., Zubin, M.I., Kargopol’tsev, A.A., and Fedorchenko, I.A., The deep structure of the eruption area, in Bol’shoe treshchinnoe Tolbachinskoe izverzhenie, 1975–1976 gg., Kamchatka (The Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, 1975–1976, Kamchatka), Fedotov, S.A., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1984, Ch. XV, pp. 514–536.Google Scholar
  3. Bazanova, L.I., Melekestsev, I.V., Ponomareva, V.V., Dirksen, O.V., and Dirksen, V.G., Late Pleistocene and Holocene volcanic catastrophes in Kamchatka and in the Kuril Islands. Part 1. Types and classes of catastrophic eruptions as the leading components of volcanic catastrophism, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2016, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 151–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bogatikov, O.A., Kovalenko, V.I., and Sharkov, E.V., Magmatizm, tektonika, geodinamika Zemli (The Magmatism, Tectonics, and Geodynamics of the Earth), Trudy IGEM RAN (new series), no. 3, Moscow: Nauka, 2010.Google Scholar
  5. Braitseva, O.A., Melekestsev, I.V., Flerov, G.B., et al., The Holocene Volcanism of the Tolbachik Regional Zone of Cinder Cones, in Bol’shoe treshchinnoe Tolbachinskoe izverzhenie, 1975–1976 gg., Kamchatka (The Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, 1975–1976, Kamchatka), Fedotov, S.A., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1984, pp. 177–222.Google Scholar
  6. Braitseva, O.A., Melekestsev, I.V., Ponomareva, V.V., et al., Ages of active volcanoes in the Kuril–Kamchatka region, Volcanology and Seismology, 1995, vol. 16, nos. 4/5, pp. 341–370.Google Scholar
  7. Calkins, J.A., 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of Khapitsa plateau and Studyonaya river basalts and basaltic andesites in Central Kamchatka depression, Kamchatka, Russia, in Materialy IV mezhdunarodnogo soveshchaniya po protsessam v zonakh subduktsii Yaponskoi, Kurilo-Kamchatskoi i Aleutrskoi dug “Vzaimosvyaz’ mezhdu tektonikoi, seismichnost’yu, mgmoobrazovaniem i izverzheniyami vulkanov v vulkanicheskikh dugakh” (Proc. IV Intern. conference on processes at subduction zones of the Japan, Kuril-Kamchatka, and Aleutian arcs “Interrelationships between Tectonics, Seismicity, Magma Generation, and Volcanic Eruptions at Volcanic Arcs”), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, 2004, pp. 53–54.Google Scholar
  8. Churikova, T.G., The petrochemistry of lavas of Ushkovskii Volcano, in Vulkanologicheskie issledovaniya na Kamchatke (Volcanological Research in Kamchatka), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, 1990, pp. 11–16.Google Scholar
  9. Churikova, T.G., The Geochemistry and Simulation of the Magmatic Process: The Klyuchevskoi Volcanic Cluster, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Geol.–Mineral.) Dissertation, Moscow State University, 1993.Google Scholar
  10. Churikova, T.G. and Sokolov, S.Yu., The magmatic evolution of Ploskie Sopki Volcano, Kamchatka: Analysis of strontium isotope geochemistry, Geokhimiya, 1993, no. 10, pp. 1439–1447.Google Scholar
  11. Churikova, T., Dorendorf, F., and Wörner, G., Sources and fluids in the mantle wedge below Kamchatka, evidence from across-arc geochemical variation, J. Petrol., 2001, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1567–1593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Churikova, T.G., Gordeichik, B.N., and Ivanov, B.V., Petrochemistry of Kamen volcano: A comparison with neighboring volcanoes of the Klyuchevskoy group, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2012, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 150–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Churikova, T.G., Gordeychik, B.N., Ivanov, B.V., et al., Relationship between Kamen Volcano and the Klyuchevskaya group of volcanoes (Kamchatka), J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 2013, vol. 263, pp. 3–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Churikova, T.G., Gordeychik, B.N., Iwamori, H., et al., Petrological and geochemical evolution of the Tolbachik volcanic massif, Kamchatka, Russia, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 2015a, vol. 307, pp. 156–181.Google Scholar
  15. Churikova, T.G., Gordeychik, B.N., Edwards, B.R., et al., The Tolbachik volcanic massif: A review of the petrology, volcanology and eruption history prior to the 2012–2013 eruption, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 2015b, vol. 307, pp. 3–21.Google Scholar
  16. Cox, K.G., Bell, J.D., and Pankhurst, R.J., The Interpretation of Igneous Rocks, Springer, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ermakov, V.A., Formatsionnoe raschlenenie chetvertichnykh vulkanicheskikh porod (Formation Stratification of Quaternary Volcanic Rocks), Moscow: Nedra, 1977.Google Scholar
  18. Fedotov, S.A., Zharinov, N.A., and Gontovaya, L.I., The magmatic system of the Klyuchevskaya group of volcanoes inferred from data on its eruptions, earthquakes, deformation, and deep structure, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2010, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Flerov, G.B. and Ovsyannikov, A.A., Ushkovskii Volcano, in Deistvuyushchie vulkany Kamchatki (Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka), Moscow: Nauka, 1991, pp. 156–167.Google Scholar
  20. Flerov, G.B. and Seliverstov, V.A., The Cretaceous–Paleogene magmatism of the Sredinnyi Range of Kamchatka: Magma sources, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2008, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 71–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Flerov, G.B., Perepelov, A.B., Puzankov, M.Yu., Koloskov, A.V., Filosofova, T.M., and Shcherbakov, Yu.D., The space–time relationships between volcanic associations of different alkalinities: The Belogolovskii Massif in Kamchatka’s Sredinnyi Range. Part 1. The geology, mineralogy, and petrology of volcanic rocks, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2014, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 135–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Flerov, G.B., Anan’ev, V.V., and Ponomarev, G.P., The petrogenesis of rocks of the Ostryi and Ploskii Volcanoes and the relationship between volcanic occurrences of basaltic and trachybasaltic magmas in the Tolbachik Dol area, Kamchatka, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2015, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 162–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Flerov, G.B., Koloskov, A.V., Puzankov, M.Yu., et al., Space–Time relationships between volcanic associations of different alkalinities: The Belogolovskii Massif, Sredinnyi Range, Kamchatka. Part II. Geochemistry of volcanic rocks and magma sources, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2016, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 219–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Frolova, T.I., Perchuk, L.P., and Burikova, I.A., Magmatizm i preobrazovanie zemnoi kory aktivnykh okrain (Magmatism and Crustal Transformation in Active Margins), Moscow: Nedra, 1989.Google Scholar
  25. Ivanov, B.V., Andezity Kamchatki (Kamchatka Andesites), Moscow: Nauka, 2008.Google Scholar
  26. Khanchuk, A.I., Evolyutsiya drevnei sialicheskoi kory v ostrovoduzhnykh sistemakh Vostochnoi Azii (The Evolution of Ancient Sialic Crust in the East Asian Island Arc Systems), Vladivostok: DVNTs AN SSSR, 1985.Google Scholar
  27. Koloskov, A.V., Flerov, G.B., Perepelov, A.B., Melekestsev, I.V., Puzankov, M.Yu., and Filosofova, T.M., Evolution stages and petrology of the Kekuknai volcanic massif as reflecting the magmatism in backarc zone of Kuril–Kamchatka island arc system. Part 1. Geological position and geochemistry of volcanic rocks, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2011, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 312–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Koloskov, A.V., Davydova, M.Yu., Izbekov, P.E., et al., The evolution of rock compositions of the New Tolbachik Volcanoes during the 2012–2013 eruption: Mantle control in the on-line format, Tikhook. Geol., 2015, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 19–39.Google Scholar
  29. Korzhinskii, D.S., Acidity versus alkalinity as the leading factor in magmatic and most-magmatic processes, in Magmatizm i svyaz' s nim poleznykh iskopaemykh (Magmatism and Its Relationship to Mineral Deposits), Moscow: Gosgeoltekhizdat, 1960, pp. 21–30.Google Scholar
  30. Lutts, B.G., Geokhimiya okeanicheskogo i kontinental’nogo magmatizma (Geochemistry of Oceanic and Continental Magmatism), Moscow: Nedra, 1980.Google Scholar
  31. Melekestsev, I.V., Kraevaya, T.S., and Braitseva, O.A., Rel’ef i otlozheniya molodykh vulkanicheskikh raionov Kamchatki (Relief and Deposits in Young Volcanic Areas of Kamchatka), Moscow: Nauka, 1970.Google Scholar
  32. Moroz, Yu.F. and Gontovaya, L.I., On lithosphere structure of eastern Kamchatka based on geophysical data, in Materialy ezhegodnoi konferentsii “Vulkanizm i svyazannye s nim protsessy”, posvyashchennoi Dnyu vulkanologa (Proc. Annual Conf. on “Volcanism and Related Processes” Devoted to Volcanologist’s Day), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii: IViS DVO RAN, 2016, pp. 237–246.Google Scholar
  33. Moroz, Yu.F., Loginov, V.A., and Ulybyshev, I.S., The deep geoelectric section in the junction region among the Sredinnyi Kamchatka Massif, the Ganal Protuberance, and the Central Kamchatka Depression, Vestnik KRAUNTs, Nauki o Zemle, 2016, no. 1, issue 29, pp. 17–34.Google Scholar
  34. Nurmukhamedov, A.G., Nedyad’ko, V.V., Rakitov, V.A., and Lipat’ev, M.S., The boundaries of the Kamchatka lithosphere based on the method of earthquake converted waves, Vestnik KRAUNTs, Nauki o Zemle, 2016, no. 1, issue 29, pp. 35–52.Google Scholar
  35. Peccerillo, A. and Taylor, S.R., Geochemistry of Eocene calc-alkaline volcanic rock from the Kastamonu area, Northern Turkey, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 1976, vol. 58, pp. 63–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Petrograficheskii kodeks Rossii. Magmaticheskie, metamorficheskie, metasomaticheskie, impaktnye obrazovaniya (Petrographic Code of Russia. Magmatic, Metamorphic, Metasomatic, and Impact Formations), 3rd Ed., rev. and suppl., St. Petersburg: VSEGEI, 2009.Google Scholar
  37. Poldervaart, A. and Hess, H.H., Pyroxenes in the crystallization of basaltic magma, J. Geol., 1951, vol. 59, pp. 472–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ponomareva, V., Portnyagin, M., Derkachev, A., et al., Early Holocene M ~ 6 explosive eruption from Plosky volcanic massif (Kamchatka) and its tephra as a link between terrestrial and marine paleoenvironmental records, Int. J. Earth Sci., 2013, vol. 102, pp. 1673–1699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Piip, B.I., Klyuchevskoi Volcano and its eruptions in 1944–1945 and in the past, Trudy Lab. Vulkanol., 1956, issue 11 (special issue).Google Scholar
  40. Sirin, A.N., O sootnoshenii tsentral’nogo i areal’nogo vulkanizma (On the Relationship between Central and Dispersed Volcanism), Moscow: Nauka, 1968.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. B. Flerov
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. G. Churikova
    • 1
  • V. V. Anan’ev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskiiRussia

Personalised recommendations