Journal of Volcanology and Seismology

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 142–149 | Cite as

On precursor of Kamchatkan volcanoes eruptions based on data from satellite monitoring

  • O. A. GirinaEmail author


Kamchatka is one of the most active volcanic regions on the planet. Large explosive volcanic eruptions, in which the ash elevates up to 8–15 km above sea level, occur here every 1.5 years. Study of eruptions precursors in order to reduce a volcanic risk for the population is an urgent problem of Volcanology. The available precursor of strong explosive eruptions of volcanoes, identified from satellite data (thermal anomaly), as well as examples of successful prediction of eruptions using this precursor, are represented in this paper.


Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer Thermal Anomaly Explosive Eruption Volcanic Tremor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Carter, A.J., Girina, O.A., Ramsey, M.S. and Demyanchuk, Y.V., ASTER and Field Observations of the 24 December 2006 Eruption of Bezymianny Volcano, Russia, Remote Sensing of Environment, 2008, vol. 112, pp. 2569–2577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chubarova, O.S., Gorelchik, V.I., and Garbusova, V.T., Seismic Activity of Bezymianny Volcano in 1975–1979, Volcanol. Seismol., 1983, no 3, pp. 58–69.Google Scholar
  3. Dehn, J., Dean, K., and Engle, K., Thermal Monitoring of North Pacific Volcanoes from Space, Geology, 2000, vol. 28, no 8, pp. 755–758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dubik, Yu.M. and Volynets, O.N., The Influence of the Eruptive Process Nature on the Plagioclase Crystallization, Bull. Vulcanol. Stant., 1972, no. 48, pp. 64–70.Google Scholar
  5. Fedotov, S.A., Fifty Years of Detailed Seismological Investigation: the Kuril-Kamchatka arc, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2008, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 135–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Garbuk, S.V. and Gershenzon, V.E., Kosmicheskie sistemy distanzionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli (Cosmic Systems for Remote Sensing of the Earth), Moscow: A and B, 1997.Google Scholar
  7. Girina, O.A. and Gordeev, E.I., KVERT Project: Reduction of Volcanic Hazards for Aviation from Explosive Eruptions of Kamchatka and Northern Kuriles Volcanoes, Bull. DVO RAN, 2007, no. 2(132), pp. 100–109.Google Scholar
  8. Girina, O.A., Manevich, A.G., Malik, N.A., et al., Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka and Northern Kurils in 2005, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2007, no. 1(4), pp. 237–247.Google Scholar
  9. Girina, O.A., 15 let deyatel’nosti Kamchatskoy gruppy reagirovaniya na vulkanicheskie izvergeniya (Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team — 15 Years of Work), Materials of Conference on Day Volcanologist, 27–29 March 2008, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: IViS DVO RAN, 2008, pp. 52–59.Google Scholar
  10. Girina, O.A., Ushakov, S.V., Malik, N.A., et al., The Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka and Paramushir Island, North Kurils in 2007, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2009, no. 3(1), pp. 1–17.Google Scholar
  11. Glaze, L., Francis, P.W., and Rothery, D.A., Measuring Thermal Budgets of Active Volcanoes by Satellite Remote Sensing, Nature, 1989, vol. 338, pp. 144–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gontovaya, L.I., Khrenov, A.P., Stepanova, M.Yu., Senyukov, S.L., Deep Lithosphere Model for Klyuchevskoi Volcanic Cluster Area. Kamchatka, Volcanol. Seismol., 2004, no. 3, pp. 3–11.Google Scholar
  13. Gordeev, E.I., Modeling of Volcanic Tremor Wave Fields, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 1992, vol. 51, pp. 145–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gorelchik, V.I., Seismichnost’ raiona Klyuchevskoy gruppy vulkanov i svyaz’ seismicheskikh i vulkanicheskikh yavlenii na Klyuchevskom vulkane, 1971–1983 gg. (1971–1983 Seismicity of Klyuchevskyaya Volcanic Group Area and Relationship between Seismic and Volcanic Phenomenons at Klyuchevskoy Volcano), Seismicity and Seismic Prognosis at Far East, Abstract of MSSSS Session. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 1986, pp. 25–26.Google Scholar
  15. Gorelchik, V.I., Seismic activity of Klyuchevskoi Volcano during the Precursory Period of the Predskasannyi Eruption in March–June 1983, Volcanol. Seismol., 1988, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 95–116.Google Scholar
  16. Gorelchik, V.I., K istorii razvitiya seismologicheskikh issledovany (On the History of Development of Seismic Investigations of Kamchatkan Volcanoes), Ivanov, B.V., Ed., Geodynamics and Volcanism of the Kurile-Kamchatka Island-Arc System, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: IVGG DVO RAN, 2011, pp. 341–351.Google Scholar
  17. Gorshkov, G.S., On Klyuchevskoy Volcano Magmatic Chamber Depth, Dokl. AN SSSR, 1956, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 703–705.Google Scholar
  18. Gorshkov, G.S., On Relationship between Volcanic and Seismic Phenomenons during Bezymianny Volcano Eruption (1955–1956), Bull. Vulcanol. Stant., 1961, no. 31, pp. 32–37.Google Scholar
  19. Gorshkov, G.S. and Bogoyavlenskaya, G.E., Vulkan Bezymyanny i osobennosti ego poslednego izvergeniya (Bezymianny Volcano and Features Its Last Eruptions in 1955–1963). Moscow: Nauka, 1965, 172 p.Google Scholar
  20. Harris, A.J.L., Swabey, S.E.J., and Higgins J., Automated Thresholding of Active Lavas using AVHRR Data, Int. J. Rem. Sens., 1995, vol. 16, no. 18, pp. 3681–3686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harris, A.J.L., Flynn, L.P., Dean, K.G. et al., Real-Time Monitoring of Volcanic Hot Spots, in Remote Sensing of Active Volcanism, AGU Monograph, 2000, vol. 116, pp. 139–159.Google Scholar
  22. Kearney, C.S., Dean, K., Realmuto, V.J., et al., Observations of SO2 Production and Transport from Bezymianny Volcano, Kamchatka using the MODerate Resolution Infrared Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Int. J. Rem. Sens., 2008, vol. 29, no. 22, pp. 6647–6665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kronberg, P., Distanzionnoe izuchenie Zemli (Remote sensing of the Earth), Moscow: Mir, 1988, 260 p.Google Scholar
  24. Makdonald, G., Vulkany (Volcanoes), Moscow: Mir, 1975, 432 p.Google Scholar
  25. Melekestsev, I.V., Braitseva, O.A., Ponomareva, V.V., and Sulerzhitsky, L.D., Large Kamchatka Explosive Eruptions on the Last 10,000 years, Bull. RFFI, 1997, no. 1, pp. 21–29.Google Scholar
  26. Miller, T.P. and Casadevall T.J., Volcanic ash hazards to aviation, Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, San Diego, California: Academic Press, 2000, pp. 915–930.Google Scholar
  27. Minakami, T., Fundamental Research for Predicting Volcanic Eruptions, Bull. Earthquake Res, Inst. Tokyo Univ., 1960, vol. 38, pp. 497–544.Google Scholar
  28. Naboko, S.I., Gidrotermal’ny metamorphism porod v vulkanicheskikh oblastyakh (Hydrothermal Metamorphism of Rocks in Volcanic Areas), Moscow: AN SSSR, 1963.Google Scholar
  29. Neal, Ch., Girina, O, Senyukov, S., et al., Russian eruption warning systems for aviation, Natural Hazards, Springer Netherlands, 2009, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 245–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Oppenheimer, C., Francis, P.W., Rothery, D.A. et al., Infrared Image Analysis of Volcanic Thermal Features: Lascar Volcano, Chile, 1984–1992, J. Geophys. Res., 1993, vol. 98, pp. 4269–4286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Oppenheimer, C. and Francis, P., Remote Sensing of Heat, Lava and Fumarole Emission from Erta’ Ale volcano, Ethiopia, Int. J. Rem. Sens., 1997, vol. 18, pp. 1661–1692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Piip, B.I., Klyuchevskaya sopka i ee izverzheniya v 1944–1945 gg. i v proshlom (Klyuchevskoy Volcano and its Eruptions in 1944–1945 and in the Past), Vlodavets, V.I., Ed., Materials of Laboratory of Volcanology, vol. 11, Moscow: AN SSSR, 1956, 312 p.Google Scholar
  33. Prata, A.J., Observation of Volcanic Ash Clouds using AVHRR-2 Radiances, Int. J. Rem. Sens., 1989, vol. 10(4), pp. 751–761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ramsey, M. and Dehn, J., Spaceborne Observations of the 2000 Bezymianny, Kamchatka Eruption: the Integration of High-Resolution ASTER into Near Real-Time Monitoring using AVHRR, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 2004, vol. 135, pp. 127–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Schneider, D.J. and Rose, W.I., Observations of the 1989–1990 Redoubt Volcano Eruption Clouds using AVHRR Satellite Imagery, US Geological Survey Bull., 1994, vol. 2047, pp. 405–418.Google Scholar
  36. Schneider, D.J., Dean, K.G., Dehn, J., et al., Monitoring and Analyses of Volcanic Activity Using Remote Sensing Data at Study for Kamchatka, Russia, December 1997, Remote Sensing of Active Volcanism. Geophysical Monograph., 2000, pp. 65–85.Google Scholar
  37. Senyukov, S.L., Monitoring of volcanic activity in Kamchatka by remote sensing techniques in 2000–2004, Volcanol. Seismol., 2006, no. 3, pp. 68–78.Google Scholar
  38. Shirokov, V.A., Models Development of Strong Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions Preparation by studying their relationship to the Cosmic Rhythms, Materials of Conference on 100 years of RGO Kamchatka Expedition in 1908–1910, 22–27 September 2008, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: IViS DVO RAN, 2009, pp. 241–253Google Scholar
  39. Tertyshnikov, A.V. and Kucheiko, A.A., Operative Cosmic Monitoring of Emergency Situations: History, State and Perspectives, Zemlya iz kosmosa, 2010, vol. 4, pp. 7–12.Google Scholar
  40. Tokarev, P.I., Izverzheniya i seismichesky rezhim vulkanov Klyuchevskoy gruppy (Eruptions and Seismic Activity of Klyuchevskaya Volcanic Group), Moscow: Nauka, 1966, 120 p.Google Scholar
  41. Tokarev, P.I., Prediction of Place and Time of the Large Tolbachik Fissure Eruption in July 1975 Beginning, Dokl. Akad. Nauk, 1976, vol. 229, no 2, pp. 439–442.Google Scholar
  42. Tokarev, P.I., Vulcanicheskie izverzheniya Kamchatki (Volcanic earthquakes of Kamchatka), Nauka: Moscow, 1981, 164 p.Google Scholar
  43. Tokarev, P.I., Precursors of Volcanic Eruptions, Volcanol. Seismol., 1988, no. 3, pp. 615–631.Google Scholar
  44. Tokarev, P.I., Prediction of Flank Eruptions at Klyuchevskoi Volcano, Volcanol. Seismol., 1990, no. 10(6), pp. 917–943.Google Scholar
  45. Tolmacheva, N.I. and Shklyaeva, L.S., Kosmicheskie metody ekologicheskogo monitoring (Cosmic Methods for Ecological Monitoring), Perm: PermGU, 2006, 296 p.Google Scholar
  46. Vlodavets, V.I. and Piip, B.I., Catalogue of Kamchatka Active Volcanoes, Bull. Vulcanol. Stants., 1957, no. 25, pp. 5–95.Google Scholar
  47. Vlodavets, V.I., Spravochnik po vulkanologii (Reference Book on Volcanology), Moscow: Nauka, 1984. 340 p.Google Scholar
  48. Watson, I.M., Realmuto, V.J., Rose, W.I. et al., Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing of Volcanic Emissions Using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 2004, vol. 135(1–2), pp. 75–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wen, S. and Rose W.I., Retrieval of Sizes and Total Masses of Particles in Volcanic Clouds Using AVHRR Bands 4 and 5, J. Geophys. Res., 1994, vol. 99(D3), pp. 5421–5431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wright, R., Flynn, L.P., Garbeil, H., et al., Automated Volcanic Eruption Detection Using MODIS, Remote Sensing of Environment., 2002, vol. 82, pp. 135–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yu, T., Rose, W.I., and Prata, A.J., Atmospheric Correction for Satellite-Based Volcanic Ash Mapping and Retrievals Using “Split Window” IR Data from GOES and AVHRR, J. Geophys. Res., 2002, vol. 107(D16), pp. 4311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Volcanology and Seismology FED RASPetropavlovsk-KamchatskyRussia

Personalised recommendations