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Effect of Cold-Water Immersion, Foam Rolling, and Slow Jogging Recovery to Aid Futsal Athlete’s Recovery after One-Off Futsal Match

Abstract

This study examined the effects of cold-water immersion group (CWI), foam rolling group (FR), and a slow jogging group (SJR) on creatine kinase activity (CK), blood lactate concentration, perceptual measures (PM) and anaerobic performance after exhibition game in futsal players. 24 male futsal athletes, were recruited into the study; 8 participants were assigned to the CWI group were given cold-water recovery, 8 to the FR group were given roller exercises, and another 8 to the SJR group were given slow jogging recovery. All of the groups required to completed a 20-m sprint test was determined before and 24-h after recovery interventions. Creatine kinase (CK) activity was assessed at the pre-sprint test and in 24-h after recovery interventions, and blood lactate concentration in the pre-sprint test, immediately after the match, immediately after recovery interventions, and 15-min after recovery interventions. The total quality recovery (TQR), and visual analog-scale (VAS) was evaluated in pre- and after recovery interventions. CWI group were significantly to reducing blood lactate concentration compared with SJR group in immediately after recovery (3.13 ± 0.46 vs 3.76 ± 0.26, p = 0.026), and 15-min after recovery interventions (1.91 ± 0.37 vs 2.36 ± 0.29, p = 0.007). No prominent differences were detected in all three groups to reducing CK activity in 24-h after recovery interventions. Post-hoc comparisons showed that TQR values in 24-h after recovery interventions of the CWI group were significantly higher compared with RF and SJR groups (all p < 0.001). VAS values were significantly lower in the CWI group than RF (p = 0.002), and SJR (p < 0.001) groups in 24-h after recovery interventions. CWI group more efficient in reducing blood lactate concentration compared with SJR group at immediately after recovery, and 15-min after recovery interventions.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors would like to thank Institut Teknologi Bandung for providing data for the study.

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Contributions

Conceptualization: Kuswahyudi; Methodology: Agung Dwi Juniarsyah; Formal analysis and investigation: Junaidi; Writing – original draft preparation: Bagus Winata; Writing – review and editing: Bagus Winata; Funding acquisition: Junaidi; Resources: Sri Indah Ihsani Supervision: Kuswahyudi.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to B. Winata.

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COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS

Before the initiation of the study, all participants received an explanation of the procedure and the risks that would later be faced in their participation and they provided informed consent to participate in this study. The study was approved by the ethics committee of the POLTEKKES Bandung, and all procedures were in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

CONFLICT OF INTERESTS

The authors state no conflict of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

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Kuswahyudi, Juniarsyah, A.D., Winata, B. et al. Effect of Cold-Water Immersion, Foam Rolling, and Slow Jogging Recovery to Aid Futsal Athlete’s Recovery after One-Off Futsal Match. Hum Physiol 47, 467–477 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0362119721040083

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0362119721040083

Keywords:

  • inflammation
  • muscle damage
  • performance
  • self-myofascial release
  • soccer
  • vasoconstriction