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Human Physiology

, 37:484 | Cite as

Continuity and prospects of research in systemic integrative psychophysiology of functional states and cognitive activity

  • V. A. Ilyukhina
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Abstract

An important problem of psychophysiology related to the study of the integration of the mechanisms controlling the state of the brain and characteristics of the cerebral organization of cognitive activity is discussed. The fundamental role of the results of long-term research in the neurophysiology of functional states as the basis of the organization of mental activity under conditions of direct, long-term, sparing contact with the cortex and subcortical structures by means of long-term intracerebral electrodes carried out by Academician Bechtereva and her scientific school is demonstrated. The commensurability and complementarity of slow and ultraslow gradual neurophysiological processes with similar amplitude-time parameters recorded in intravitally identified zones of deep cerebral structures and from scalp sites corresponding to the cortical projections of the main integrative centers are substantiated. The notion of the brain as a complexly organized, “floating,” multicircuit neurodynamic suprasystem with hierarchically, probabilistically organized vital processes varying in rate and intensity that are involved in maintaining the state of rest, mental states, and cognitive activity are formulated and substantiated. While the set of universal neurodynamic languages is limited, the brain employs a multiregister mechanism controlling the state and selective mechanisms of integration, ensuring the contribution of gradual neurophysiological processes at different levels of the structural and functional organization that vary in terms of information content in the formation of the cerebral systems underlying specific cognitive activities.

Keywords

systemic integrative psychophysiology functional states cognitive activity phenomenon of the integration of cerebral mechanisms characteristics of information content of bioelectric potentials varying in amplitude-time parameters at different levels of the structural and functional organization of the brain 

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Ilyukhina
    • 1
  1. 1.Bechtereva Institute of the Human BrainRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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