### Abstract

Methods of computer algebra are used to investigate equilibrium orientations of a satellite moving along a circular orbit under the action of gravitational and constant torques. The main focus is placed on the investigation of equilibrium orientations in the cases where the constant torque vector is parallel to the planes formed by the principal central axes of inertia of the satellite. Using methods for Gröbner basis construction, the system of six algebraic equations that determine the equilibrium orientations of the satellite is reduced to one sixth-order algebraic equation in one unknown. Domains with equal numbers of equilibrium solutions are classified using algebraic methods for constructing discriminant hypersurfaces. Bifurcation curves in the space of problem parameters, which define the boundaries of the domains with equal numbers of equilibrium solutions, are constructed. A comparative analysis of the influence of the order of variables in the process of Gröbner basis construction is carried out. Using the proposed approach, it is shown that, under the action of the constant torque, the satellite with unequal principal central moments of inertia has no more than 24 equilibrium orientations in a circular orbit.

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Translated by Yu. Kornienko

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Gutnik, S.A., Sarychev, V.A. Investigation of the Influence of Constant Torque on Equilibrium Orientations of a Satellite Moving in a Circular Orbit with the Use of Computer Algebra Methods.
*Program Comput Soft* **49**, 360–365 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0361768823020093

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0361768823020093