Water Resources

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 196–203 | Cite as

Secular trends in variations of Spitsbergen ice resources

  • V. M. Fedorov
  • B. R. Mavlyudov
  • L. M. Savatyugin
Water Resourсes and the Regime of Water Bodies
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

A relationship is established between many-year variations of the total budget of Spitsbergen glacier mass and variations of the solar radiation reaching the upper atmospheric boundary in the Northern Hemisphere per year. A regression equation was used to evaluate the total mass budget of glaciers Austre Broggebreen and Midre Lovenbreen over period from 1850 to 2050. The trend in the decrease of ice resources in Spitsbergen is show to be related with an increase in the internlatitudinal heat exchange and the greenhouse effect because of the accumulation of heat from incoming solar radiation.

Keywords

ice resources total ice mass budget global water exchange secular trends decrease in ice resources 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Al’man, G.V., Changes in glaciers and climate variations, MGI, 1961, no. 2, pp. 74–98.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Glyatsiologiya Shpitsbergena (Spitsbergen Glaciology), Kotlyakov, V.M., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1985.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dolgushin, L.D. and Osipova, G.B., Ledniki (Glaciers), Moscow: Mysl’, 1989.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zinger, E.M., Zakharov, V.G., and Zhidkov, V.A., Observations of the surge of Fridtjof Glacier in Spitsbergen in 1997, MGI, 1997, no. 83, pp. 231–233.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kononova, N.K., Klassifikatsiya tsirkulyatsionnykh mekhanizmov Severnogo polushariya po Dzerdzeevskomu (Classification of Circulation Mechanisms in the Northern Hemisphere According to B. L. Dzerdzeevskii), Moscow: Voentekhinizdat, 2009.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Koryakin, V.S., Ledniki Arktiki (Arctic Glaciers), Moscow: Nauka, 1988.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kotlyakov, V.M., Snezhnyi pokrov i ledniki Zemli (Snow Cover and Glaciers on the Earth), Moscow: Nauka, 2004.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Krenke, A.N., Koryakin, V.S., and Tareeva, A.M., Snow accumulation at the elevation of equilibrium line of Spitsbergen glaciers, MGI, 1986, no. 56, pp. 90–93.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mavlyudov, B.R., Spitsbergen glaciation in the late XXcentury, MGI, 2006, no. 101, pp. 146–152.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mavlyudov, B.R., Savatyugin, L.M., and Solov’yanova, I.Yu., Response of glaciers in Nordenskiöld Land (Spitsberger Archipelago) to climate changes, Probl. Arkt. Antarkt., 2012, no. 1, vol. 91, pp. 67–71.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oledenenie Shpitsbergena (Sval’barda) (Spitsbergen (Svalbard) Glaciation), Moscow: Nauka, 1975.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rezhim i evolyutsiya polyarnykh lednikovykh pokrovov (Regime and Evolution of Polar Ice Covers), St. Petersburg: Gidrometeoizdat, 1992.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Troitskii, L.S., On mass budget of different types of glaciers in Spitsbergen, MGI,1988, no. 63, pp. 117–121.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fedorov, V.M., Dinamika balansa massy lednikov v svyazi s makrotsirkulyatsionnymi protsessami v atmosfere (Dynamics of Glacier Mass Budget as Related to Macrocirculation Processes in the Atmosphere), Moscow: Fizmatlit, 2011.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fedorov, V.M., Reconstruction of the mass budget of arctic glaciers in the XX century based on a macrocirculation model, Kriosf. Zemli, 2009, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 80–87.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fedorov, V.M., Solar radiation and Earth climate. http://www.solar-climate.com. Accessed June 9, 2016.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fedorov, V.M., Theoretical calculation of interannual variations of the solar constant, Astronom. Vestn., 2012, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 184–189.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fedorov, V.M., Effect of the strengthening of interlatitudinal heat exchange and changes in the area of sea ice in the Northern Hemisphere, Sb. tez. vseros. konf. s mezhdunar. uchastiem “Sostoyanie arkticheskikh morei i territorii v usloviyakh izmeneniya klimata” (Abstracts of Papers, All-Russ. Conf. “The State of Arctic Seas and Territories under Climate Changes”), Arkhangel’sk: ID SAFU, 2014, pp. 35–36.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chizhov, O.P., Oledenenie severnoi polyarnoi oblasti (Glaciation of the Northern Polar Zone), Moscow: Nauka, 1976.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shumskii, P.A., Modern glaciation of the Soviet Arctic, Tr. Arkt. Nauch. Issled. Inst., 1949, vol. 11.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bevan, S., Luckman, A., Murray, T., Sykes, H., and Kohler, J., Positive mass budget during the late 20th century on Austfonna Svalbard, revealed using satellite radar interferometry, Annals of Glaciol., 2007, vol. 46, pp. 117–122.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Etzelmuller, B. and Sollid, J.L., Long-term mass budget of selected polythermal glaciers on Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Norsk geografisk Tiddstrift, 1996, vol. 50, pp. 55–66. doi 10.1080/00291959608552352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fedorov, V.M., Interannual variability of the solar constant, Solar System Research, 2012, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 170–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fedorov, V.M., Interannual variations in the duration of the tropical year, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2013, vol. 451, pp. 750–753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fedorov, V.M., Periodic perturbations and small variations of the solar climate of the Earth, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2014, vol. 457, pp. 868–871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hagen, J.O., Kohker, J., Melwold, K., and Winther, J.C., Glaciers in Svalbard: mass budget, runoff and freshwater, Polar Res., 2003, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 145–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hagen, J.O. and Liestol, O., Long term glacier mass budget investigations in Svalbard 1950–1988, Ann. Glaciol., 1990, no. 14, pp. 102–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hagen, J.O., Liestol, O., Roland, E., and Jorgensen, T., Glacier Atlas of Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Oslo: Norsk Polarinstitutt. Meddeelelser, 1994, no. 129.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    World Glacier Monitoring Service Department of Geography Univ. Zurich. http://www.geo.unizh.ch/ wgms/.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    NASA. Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology (JPL Solar System Dynamics). http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    www.wmo.int/pages/index_ru.htm.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Lefauconnier, B.G. and Hagen, J.O., Glaciers and climate in Svalbard: statistical analysis and reconstruction of the Broggenbreen mass budget for the last 77 years, Annals of Glaciol., 1990, vol. 14, pp. 148–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Liestol, O., Glaciers of Europe–Glaciers of Svalbard, Norway satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world, United State Geol. Survey Professional Paper, 1993, vol. 1386E, pp. 127–151.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Nuth, C., Moholdt, G., Kohler, J., Hagen, J.O., and Kaab, A., Svalbard glaciers elevation changes and contribution to sea level rise, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, vol. 115, p. F01008. doi 10.1029/2008JF001223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Rasmussen, L.A. and Kohler, J., Mass budget of three Svalbard glaciers reconstructed back to 1948, Polar Res., 2007, vol. 26, pp. 168–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Solovyanova, I.Yu. and Mavlyudov, B.R., Mass budget observations on some glaciers in 2004/2005 and 2005/2006 budget years, Nordenskiold Land, Spitsbergen, The Dynamics and Mass Budget of Arctic Glaciers. Extended abstracts. Workshop and GLACIODYN (IPY) Meeting, IASC Working Group on Arctic Glaciology, Pontresina, Switzerland: Inst. Marine and Atmos. Res., Utrecht, Utrecht: Univ., 2007, pp. 115–120.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. M. Fedorov
    • 1
  • B. R. Mavlyudov
    • 2
  • L. M. Savatyugin
    • 3
  1. 1.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Arctic and Antarctic Research InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations