The state of water resources in major Mediterranean islands

Abstract

This work analyses the state of water resources in six Mediterranean islands: Corsica, Crete, Cyprus, Mallorca, Malta and Sicily. The analysis is focused on the prevailing social, economic and hydroclimatological characteristics of these islands in order to identify the main common features affecting water availability, demand and use. A detailed analysis of the state of water resources in all the considered islands has been carried out. A background of current conditions relating to freshwater availability, quality and use has been established. Different strategies to face water scarcity and enhance water quality in theislands have been assessed in a context of climate change which is a common threat. The identification of similar problems for all the islands highlights the importance of strengthening inter-islands co-operation in the field of sustainable water resources management.

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Correspondence to Francesco Viola.

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Viola, F., Sapiano, M., Schembri, M. et al. The state of water resources in major Mediterranean islands. Water Resour 41, 639–648 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0097807814060207

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Keywords

  • Mediterranean islands
  • water resources
  • water demand
  • WastewaterReuse
  • desalination