Use of geoinformatics for inter-basin water transfer assessment
- 186 Downloads
Fresh water availability and demand are unevenly distributed both temporally and geographically. Furthermore, the availability of fresh water has remained more or less constant, while the demand for clean water is steadily increasing. With demand surpassing supply, an integrated water resource management approach is required to ensure even distribution of potable water to all levels of society while protecting the environment. Inter-basin water transfer (IBWT) is an approach being applied in various countries around the world, with varying environmental and social implications. The Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) scheme is an example of such a project being planned in India. The research described in this paper was based on the ILR project and includes an assessment of the IBWT programme in some of the tributaries of the Brahmaputra and Ganga Rivers in the eastern part of India, covering the district of Jalpaiguri, West Bengal, India. Geoinformation has been used in association with physical and socio-economic factors to identify potential dam and reservoir sites and to delineate the optimal route for canals to transfer water from the Brahmaputra basin to the Ganga basin for further transportation to the water-deficient regions of India.
Keywordsenvironment inter-basin reservoir sites canal
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Bandyopadhyay, J. and Perveen, S., The Interlinking of Indian Rivers: Some Questions on the Scientific, Economic and Environmental Dimensions of the Proposal, Seminar on Interlinking Indian Rivers: Bane or Boon? Kolkata: IISWBM, 2002.Google Scholar
- 2.Brouwer, D.H., Flood study in the Meghna-Dhonagoda Polder, Bangladesh, 15th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, Bangalore, 1994.Google Scholar
- 3.Chakrabarti, P., River Interlinking Proposal—Watershed Development Programme; The Reality, in Water Security and Management of Water Resources, Saha, G.N., Ed., New Delhi: Vedams eBooks (P) Ltd, 2004, pp. 97–104.Google Scholar
- 5.Das, A., and Chattopadhyay, G.S., Neotectonics in the Tista, Jaldhaka, and Torsa Interfluve Belt of North Bengal, Geological Survey of India Record, 1993, 101, pp. 101–109.Google Scholar
- 6.Dasgupta, A., Water Potential, Fluvial, Arteries A Brief Scenario, Sechpatro, Irrigation and Waterways Directorate, Govt. of West Bengal, 1993, pp. 26–32.Google Scholar
- 7.Fazlur Rahman, A.K.M, Flood Study in the Meghna-Dhonagoda Polder, Bangladesh in Introduction to the Use of GIS in Practical Hydrology, Meijerink, A.M.J., Brouwer, H.A.M.d., Mannerts, C.M., Valenzuela, C.R., Eds., The Netherlands: ITC and Ministry of Education and Science; France: UNESCO, Division of Water Resources, 1994, pp. 205–212.Google Scholar
- 8.Garone, P., The History and Ecology of the Wetlands of California’s Great Central Valley, EPA STAR Graduate Fellowship Conference. University of California. Davis. CA, 2004, (poster presentation).Google Scholar
- 9.Gupta, J. and Zaag, P.V.D., Interbasin Water Transfers and Integrated Water Resources Management: Where Engineering, Science and Politics Interlock, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 2007, 33, pp. 28–40.Google Scholar
- 10.Haller, J., Himalayan Orogenesis in Perspective Metamorphic Rock Sequence in Eastern India, Geohydrology and Geotectonics of the lower Ganga Basin III, 1980.Google Scholar
- 11.ICID. Experiences in Inter-Basin Water Transfers for Irrigation, Drainage or Flood Management (3rd Draft 15 August 2005). Unpublished Report, New Delhi: International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage ICID-CIID, 2005.Google Scholar
- 12.International Joint Commission. Protection of the Waters of the Great Lakes: Final Reports. Govt. of Canada and United States. 2000.Google Scholar
- 13.ITC. ILWIS. The Integrated Land and Water Information System. User’s Manual First Edition. 2001. I. D. ITC, P.O. Box 6, 7500 AA. Enschede, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
- 14.Liu, C., L. J. C. Ma, Interbasin Water Transfer in China, Geographical Review, 1983, pp. 253–270.Google Scholar
- 16.Malipa, J.M.Sc., Dissertation, Site Selection for Dam Construction Using RS and GIS To Select Dam Site for Irrigation along Mpiji River in Bagamoyo District Tanzania. Enschede, ITC, the Netherlands, 2005.Google Scholar
- 17.Mannaerts, C., Water Erosion Prediction and Control Software, Water Resource Division, ITC, the Netherlands, 1992.Google Scholar
- 18.Micklin, P.P., Data Acquisition and Data Capture through Terrain Mapping Units, ITC Journal. Bulletin de l’ ITC, 1988, pp. 23–44.Google Scholar
- 20.Interlinking of Rivers, http://www.nwda.gov.in/index-main.asp?linkid=84&langid=1 (accessed 28 March 2007).
- 21.SRTM 90m Digital Elevation Data. Available http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org (accessed 11 September 2007).
- 22.Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Status: Rural and Urban, http://mahawssd.gov.in/HomeImage/Urban%20 sectorstatus.pdf (accessed 20 December 2007).