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Variations of the hydrological regime, morphological structure, and landscapes of the Indus River delta (Pakistan) under the effect of large-scale water management measures


The hydrological regime, morphological structure, and landscapes of the Indus River delta are considered, and the significant changes that took place in them during the second half of the XX century because of the large-scale hydraulic engineering activity in the river’s basin, runoff regulation, and water withdrawal for irrigation are analyzed. It is shown that the abrupt decrease in water and sediment runoff in the Indus have affected the hydrological processes in the river’s lower reaches and caused delta degradation.

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Original Russian Text © V.I. Kravtsova, V.N. Mikhailov, N.A. Efremova, 2009, published in Vodnye Resursy, 2009, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 387–401.

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Kravtsova, V.I., Mikhailov, V.N. & Efremova, N.A. Variations of the hydrological regime, morphological structure, and landscapes of the Indus River delta (Pakistan) under the effect of large-scale water management measures. Water Resour 36, 365–379 (2009).

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  • River Runoff
  • Hydrological Regime
  • Indus Basin
  • Sediment Runoff
  • Delta Coastline