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Decreasing Vibrations and Noise from Power Facilities by Passive and Active Methods


A description is given of the causes by which the transmission of vibration and airborne noise from equipment to the environment should be controlled. The paths of this transmission and applicable ways for its reduction by passive and active methods are examined. It has been demonstrated that pipelines, even vibration-isolated from the equipment by means of expansion joints, can transmit and even amplify vibration from the installation in a wide frequency range. It is noted that reducing the vibration of pipelines is important for effective vibration isolation of equipment in power and transport machine building, shipbuilding, and of oil and gas pipelines at pump stations. Effective control of the vibration and noise transmission to the environment has been shown to require a preliminary comprehensive analysis of the importance of all paths of their transmission. A description is given of a dedicated universal research test facility for a comprehensive study of the possibility and methods for reducing the transmission of vibration and airborne noise from operating equipment with a flow of working fluid through piping using passive and active methods.

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The work was financially supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 21-19-00311 dated April 20, 2021).

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Correspondence to A. V. Kiryukhin.

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Translated by T. Krasnoshchekova

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Kiryukhin, A.V., Mil’man, O.O., Serezhkin, L.N. et al. Decreasing Vibrations and Noise from Power Facilities by Passive and Active Methods. Therm. Eng. 69, 864–874 (2022).

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  • power facility
  • vibration
  • pipeline expansion joint
  • working fluid
  • pressure fluctuations
  • airborne noise
  • dynamic forces
  • vibration stiffness
  • frequency range
  • vibration isolation
  • noise insulation
  • active vibration damping