Exact solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations with the linear dependence of velocity components on two space variables
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- Aristov, S.N., Knyazev, D.V. & Polyanin, A.D. Theor Found Chem Eng (2009) 43: 642. doi:10.1134/S0040579509050066
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A wide class of two-dimensional and three-dimensional steady-state and non-steady-state flows of a viscous incompressible fluid is considered. It is assumed that the components of the velocity of a fluid linearly depend on two spatial coordinates. The three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations in this case are reduced to a closed determining system that consists of six equations with partial derivatives of the third and second orders. A brief review of the known exact solutions of this system and the respective flows of a fluid (Couette-Poiseuille, Ekman, Stokes, Karman, and other flows) is given. The cases of reducing a determining system to one or two equations are described. Many new exact solutions of two-dimensional and three-dimensional nonstationary Navier-Stokes equations containing arbitrary functions and arbitrary parameters are derived. Periodic (both in spatial coordinates and in time) and some other solutions that are expressed in terms of elementary functions are described. The problems of the nonlinear stability of solutions are studied. A number of new hydrodynamic problems are considered. A general interpretation of the solutions as the main terms of the Taylor series expansion in terms of radial coordinates is given.