Skip to main content

Estimation of the Increase in the Yield Strength of Building Steels at Negative Temperatures


The experimental data and the mathematical models obtained for the dependence of the yield strength of building steels on the test temperature at its negative values are analyzed. The well-known methods of calculating the temperature-induced hardening are shown to give a significant error. A mathematical model is proposed for the dependence of the yield strengths of low-carbon and low-alloy building steels on a negative climatic temperature.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.


  1. Yu. P. Solntsev, Cold-Resistant Steels and Alloys (Khimizdat, St. Petersburg, 2017).

    Google Scholar 

  2. I. P. Shabalov, M. V. Likhachev, and P. D. Odesskii, “On standard estimates of the fracture strength of the metal of gas pipes and strips for them,” Stal’, No. 12, 51–61 (2013).

  3. T. Vandholm, “Investigation of low temperature toughness and crack initiation in welded structural steels,” Master’s Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 2014.

  4. V. K. Bashaev, A. V. Il’in, V. Yu. Filin, and M. A. Gusev, “On determining the cold resistance of modern high-strength steels for Arctic structures,” Nauch.-Tekhn. Sbornik Ross. Morskogo Regustra Sudokhodstva, No. 38/39, 74–79 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  5. I. M. Rosenshtein, “Brittle fracture of vertical welded steel tanks,” Territoriya NEFTEGAZ, No. 3, 90–96 (2017).

    Google Scholar 

  6. G. B. Kryzhevich, “Features of ensuring low-temperature strength and fatigue durability of Arctic oil and gas production platforms,” Polyarnaya Mekh., No. 4, 158–174 (2018).

  7. G. B. Kryzhevich, “Integral fracture criteria in the numerical calculations of the low-temperature strength of marine engineering structures,” Trudy Krylov Gos. Nauch. Tsentra, No. 1(383) (2018).

  8. S. A. Sokolov, I. A. Vasil’ev, and A. A. Grachev, “Mathematical model of the elastic-plastic stress state of a material at the crack tip,” Deform. Razrushenie Mater., No. 8, 2–4 (2020).

  9. N. A. Makhutov, Deformation Criteria of Fracture and the Strength Calculation of Structural Elements (Mashinostroenie, Moscow, 1981).

    Google Scholar 

  10. DIN EN ISO 15653:2010–09. Metals. Test Method for Determining the Quasi-Static Fracture Toughness of Welded Joints (CEN European Committee for Standardization, 2010).

  11. T. Ekobori, Physics and Mechanics of Fracture and Strength of Solids (Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1971).

    Google Scholar 

  12. A. Sh. Deich, “Temperature dependence of the yield strength of metal of various sections of the welded joint of low-carbon and low-alloy steels,” Trudy LPI, No. 336, 39–42 (1974).

    Google Scholar 

  13. A. V. Sibilev and V. M. Mishin, “Establishing a cold-shortness criterion for steel samples based on a local fracture criterion,” Fundam. Issled., No. 4, 843–847 (2013).

  14. S. B. Belikov, V. G. Shevchenko, and S. L. Ryagin, “Effect of the temperature and strain rate on the mechanical properties of steels used in the crane building,” Vestn. NTU KhPI, No. 43 (1016), 32–36 (2013).

    Google Scholar 

  15. L. A. Kopel’man, Fundamentals of the Theory of Strength of Welded Structures (Lan’, St. Petersburg, 2010).

  16. R. S. Grigor’ev, V. P. Larionov, and Yu. S. Urzhumtsev, Methods of Improving the Efficiency of Equipment in the Northern Version (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1987).

    Google Scholar 

  17. J. Nott, “Effect of the notch depth on the resistance of mild steel to brittle fracture,” in New Methods for Estimating the Brittle Fracture Resistance of Materials (Mir, Moscow, 1972), pp. 181–197.

  18. Yu. P. Solntsev, B. S. Ermakov, O. I. Sleptsov, Materials for Low and Cryogenic Temperatures: Encyclopedic Handbook (Khimizdat, St. Petersburg, 2008).

    Google Scholar 

  19. P. M. De Castro, “Fracture mechanics of the elastic crack growth in a structural steel,” PhD Thesis, Cranfield Institute of Technology Department of Materials, 1979.

  20. Advanced Materials and Technologies, Ed. by V. V. Rubanik (Izd. UO VGTU, Vitebsk, 2019), Vol. 2, pp. 105–119.

    Google Scholar 

  21. F. Zia-Ebrahimi, Ductile-to-Brittle Transition in Steel Weldments for Arctic Structures (National Bureau of Standards, 1985).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  22. S. I. Gudkov, Mechanical Properties of Steel at Low Temperatures: A Handbook (Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1967).

    Google Scholar 

Download references


This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 20-38-90022.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to I. A. Vasil’ev.

Ethics declarations

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Additional information

Translated by K. Shakhlevich

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sokolov, S.A., Vasil’ev, I.A. & Tulin, D.E. Estimation of the Increase in the Yield Strength of Building Steels at Negative Temperatures. Russ. Metall. 2022, 396–399 (2022).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • steel
  • strength
  • yield strength
  • brittle fracture
  • negative temperature
  • test