Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using an Aqueous Extract of Monotheca buxifolia (Flac.) Dcne

Abstract

This study deals with the synthesis and physicochemical investigation of silver nanoparticles using an aqueous extract of Monotheca buxifolia (Flac.). On the treatment of aqueous solution of silver nitrate with the plant extract, silver nanoparticles were rapidly fabricated. The synthesized particles were characterized by using UV–visible spectrophotometry (UV), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The formation of AgNPs was confirmed by noting the change in colour through visual observations as well as via UV–Vis spectroscopy. UV–Vis spectrum of the aqueous medium containing silver nanoparticles showed an absorption peak at around 440 nm. FTIR was used to identify the chemical composition of silver nanoparticles and Ag-capped plant extract. The presence of elemental silver was also confirmed through EDX analysis. The SEM analysis of the silver nanoparticles showed that they have a uniform spherical shape with an average size in the range of 40–78 nm. This green system showed better capping and stabilizing agent for the fine particles. Further, in vitro the antioxidant activity of Monotheca buxifolia (Flac.) and Ag-capped with the plant was also evaluated using FeCl3/K3Fe (CN)6 essay.

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Correspondence to Natasha Anwar.

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Anwar, N., Khan, A., Shah, M. et al. Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using an Aqueous Extract of Monotheca buxifolia (Flac.) Dcne. Russ. J. Phys. Chem. 92, 124–131 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S003602441801003X

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Keywords

  • Monotheca buxifolia
  • silver nanoparticles
  • antioxidant activity
  • UV-visible
  • SEM