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Synthesis and Deep Purification of Tin Tetrachloride

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The results of development of physicochemical fundamentals for the synthesis and deep purification of tin tetrachloride have been described. The samples of SnCl4 have been prepared from elements in a specially designed quartz installation. Prepared SnCl4 has been purified by rectification on a perforated-plate column. It has been revealed by mass spectrometry that the content of lead admixture after SnCl4 rectification decreases from 120 to 2 ppm, and the content of admixtures of other metals decreases considerably. Separation factors in liquid–vapor system for hardly separable admixtures have been calculated. The purity of SnCl4 samples has been confirmed by IR and Raman spectroscopy. The prepared SnCl4 samples contained 10–4 wt % of admixtures.

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This study was financially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 19-33-90217) in the part of synthesis and purification and by the State assignment for the Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, in the part of study of properties using equipment of the Shared Facility Center, Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Prokhorov Institute of General Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, and partially supported by the Ministry Science and Higher Education of Russia (project no. АААА-А19-119101590111-2). Raman and IR spectra were obtained using equipment of the Shared Facility Center, Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Correspondence to M. N. Brekhovskikh.

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Translated by I. Kudryavtsev

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Mastryukov, M.V., Demina, L.I., Moiseeva, L.V. et al. Synthesis and Deep Purification of Tin Tetrachloride. Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 66, 963–968 (2021).

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