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Effect of the introduction procedure and concentration of yttrium cations on the crystal structure of (1–x)ZrO2 · xY2O3 powders


An integrated study of the crystal and local structures of complex oxides (1–x)ZrO2 · xY2O3 (x = 0.005–0.18, YSZ), precipitated from solutions of metal salts and annealed in air, was carried out. For the use of deposition from solutions, reverse co-precipitation was found to be the method of choice for introducing yttrium cations into YSZ, ensuring the maximum stabilization effect of high-temperature phases. An increase in the yttrium content induces polymorphic transformations, monoclinic phase (P21/a) → tetragonal phase (P42/nmc) (for x = 0.02) → cubic phase (Fm \(\bar 3\) m) (for x = 0.08), in the samples prepared at temperatures of ≤1000°C. A Raman study of the local structure of YSZ powders confirmed the formation of a single-phase tetragonal structure for the 2YSZ and 3YSZ samples and identified trace amounts of the tetragonal phase for the 8YSZ and 18YSZ samples with the cubic structure.

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Correspondence to V. V. Popov.

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Original Russian Text © V.V. Popov, A.A. Yastrebtsev, S.A. Korovin, N.A. Tsarenko, L.A. Arzhatkina, 2016, published in Zhurnal Neorganicheskoi Khimii, 2016, Vol. 61, No. 11, pp. 1431–1439.

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Popov, V.V., Yastrebtsev, A.A., Korovin, S.A. et al. Effect of the introduction procedure and concentration of yttrium cations on the crystal structure of (1–x)ZrO2 · xY2O3 powders. Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 61, 1378–1386 (2016).

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