Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 283–288 | Cite as

Description of a New Species of Pelagic Eelpouts Melanostigma japonicum sp. nova (Zoarcidae) from the Pacific Coast of South Japan with a Key for the Species of the Genus Melanostigma from the Pacific Ocean and the Adjacent Waters of the Indian and Southern Oceans

  • A. V. BalushkinEmail author


A new species of Melanostigma japonicum sp. n. is described from the Tosa Bay (Southern Japan). The holotype of the species, previously identified as M. orientale, differs from the latter and other Melanostigma species by a unique structure of jaws with very large anteriorly protruding front teeth, an original combination of a number of meristic characters, coloration, and body proportions. M. flaccidum, previously placed in the synonymy of M. gelatinosum, is restored as the valid species. The issues of origin and historical dispersal of Melanostigma species are discussed. A key for identifying the species of this genus in the Pacific Ocean and in the adjacent waters of the Indian and Southern Oceans is provided.


Melanostigma japonicum sp. n. pelagic eelpouts taxonomy Tosa Bay Japan northwest Pacific Ocean 



  1. 1.
    Anderson, M.E., Studies on the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes) of the southern hemisphere. I. The Antarctic and subantarctis regions, Antarct. Res. Ser., 1988, vol. 47, pp. 59–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anderson, M.E., Zoarcidae, in Fishes of the Southern Ocean, Gon, O. and Heemstra, P.C., Eds., Grahamstown: J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol., 1990, pp. 257–276.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anderson, M.E., Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes), Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthiol., 1994, vol. 60, pp. 1–120.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Andriashev, A.P., Review of the snailfish genus Paraliparis (Scorpaeniformes: Liparididae) of the Southern Ocean, in Theses Zoologicae, Koenigstein: Koeltz Sci. Books, 1986, vol. 7.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Andriashev, A.P. and Stein, D.L., Review of the snailfish genus Careproctus (Liparidae, Scorpaeniformes) in Antarctic and adjacent waters, Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Cty. Contrib. Sci., 1998, vol. 470, pp. 1–63.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Andriyashev, A.P., Possible trans-ocean (non-Arctic) distribution of secondary deep-water fish species of boreal Pacific origin into the depths of Atlantics and Arctic by example of family Liparididae, Zool. Zh., 1990, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 61–67.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Andriyashev, A.P., Validity of genus Psednos Barnard (Scorpaeniformes, Liparidae) and its antitropical range, Vopr. Ikhtiol., 1993, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 5–15.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Andriyashev, A.P., Snailfishes (Liparidae, Scorpaeniformes) from the Southern Ocean and adjacent waters, Issled. Fauny Morei, 2003, vol. 53 (61).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Balushkin, A.V., Volodichthys gen. nov. new species of the primitive snailfish (Liparidae: Scorpaeniformes) of the southern hemisphere. Description of new species V. Solovjevae sp. nov. (Cooperation Sea, the Antarctic), J. Ichthyol., 2012, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Balushkin, A.V. and Moganova, M.V., New species of pelagic eelpouts of the genus Melanostigma (Zoarcidae) from Western Antarctica, J. Ichthyol., 2017, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 171–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Balushkin, A.V. and Moganova, M.V., Melanostigma kharini sp. nov. (Zoarcidae), a new species of pelagic eelpout from the Ridge of Hercules (Pacific-Antarctic Rise), J. Ichthyol., 2018, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 139–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Balushkin, A.V. and Orlovskaya, M.V., Melanostigma meteori sp. n. is a new species of pelagic fishes of family Zoarcidae from the Meteor Bank (southeastern Atlantics) with the notes on polymerization of lateral body lines, Vopr. Ikhtiol., 2019, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 127–136.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Balushkin, A.V. and Voskoboinikova, O.S., Revision of the genus Genioliparis Andriashev et Neelov (Liparidae, Scorpaeniformes) with description of a new species G. kafanovi sp. n. from the Ross Sea (Antractica), J. Ichthyol., 2008, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 201–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Balushkin, A.V., Sheiko, B.A., and Fedorov, V.V., Catalog of the archival collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences: class Osteichthyes (bony fishes), order Perciformes, family Zoarcidae, J. Ichthyol., 2011, vol. 51, pp. 950–1034.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Balushkin, A.V., Sheiko, B.A., and Prirodina, V.P., Catalog of the archival collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. Class Osteichthyes. Order Perciformes. Suborder Zoarcoidei. Families: Bathymasteridae, Zoarcidae, Cryptacanthodidae, Ptilichthyidae, and Zaproridae. Suborder Icosteoidei. Family Icosteidae, in Issledovanie fauny morei (Exploration of the Fauna of the Seas), St. Petersburg: Zool. Inst., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2012, vol. 71 (79).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bussing, W.A., Studies of the midwater fishes of the Peru-Chile Trench, Antarct. Res. Ser., 1965, vol. 5, pp. 219–222.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    DeBeer, G.R., Embryology and Evolution, Oxford: Clarendon, 1930.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gorodkov, K.B., Oligomerization and evolution of the systems of morphological structures. 2. Oligomerization and reduction of body size, Zool. Zh., 1984, vol. 64, no. 12, pp. 1765–1778.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Grant, W.S. and Leslie, R.W., Inter-ocean dispersal is an important mechanism in the zoogeography of hakes (Pisces: Merluccius spp.), J. Biogeogr., 2001, vol. 28, pp. 699–721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hatooka, K., Zoarcidae, in Fishes of Japan with Pictorial Keys to the Species, Nakabo, T., Ed., Tokyo: Tokai Univ. Press, 2002, vol. 2, pp. 1026–1044.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hatooka, K., Zoarcidae, in Fishes of Japan with Pictorial Keys to the Species, Nakabo, T., Ed., Tokyo: Tokai Univ. Press, 2013, vol. 2, pp. 1220–1251.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Machida, Y. and Lee, C.-L., Notes on a rare deep-sea eelpout, Melanostigma orientale, from Tosa Bay, southern Japan (Perciformes, Zoarcidae), Bull. Mar. Sci. Fish. Kochi Univ., 1997, no. 17, pp. 1–5.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    McAllister, D.E. and Rees, E.J.S., A revision of the eelpout genus Melanostigma with a new genus and with comments on Maynea, Bull. Nat. Mus. Can., 1964, vol. 199, pp. 85–110.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Parin, N.V., Melanostigma (Bandichthys) vitiazi (Melanostigmatidae, Osteichthyes) is a new deepwater fish from the Banda Sea, Vopr. Ikhtiol., 1979, vol. 19, no. 1 (114), pp. 167–170.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Quinteiro, J., Vidal, R., and Rey-Méndez, M., Phylogeny and biogeographic history of hake (genus Merluccius), inferred from DNA control-region sequences, Mar. Biol., 2000, vol. 136, pp. 163–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Regan, C.T., Fishes, Nat. Hist. Rept. Br. Antarct. “Terra Nova” Exped., 1914, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–54.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Robin, C.R. and Ray, G.C., A Field Guide to Atlantic Coast Fishes of North America, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Shinohara, G., Endo, H., Matsuura, K. et al. Annotated checklist of the deepwater fishes from Tosa Bay, Japan, Nat. Sci. Mus. Monogr. Tokyo, 2001, vol. 20, pp. 283–343.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Stanley, S.M., An explanation for Cope’s Rule, Evolution, 1973, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tominaga, Y., Melanostigma orientale, a new species of zoarcid fish from Sagami Bay and Suruga Bay, Japan, Jpn. J. Ichthyol., 1971, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 151–156.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations