Notes on the Splendid Perches of Genus Grammatonotus (Callanthiidae) of the Tropical Western Pacific (Philippines, New Caledonia, Vanuatu)

Abstract

Based on the material obtained from the waters of the tropical Western Pacific (Philippines, New Caledonia, Vanuatu), three “large-eyed” species of Grammatonotus are redescribed: G. ambiortus, presumably widely distributed along island arcs in the western and central parts of the Pacific Ocean; G. cf. macrophthalmus from the waters of New Caledonia (new finding, but the specimens do not fully correspond to the original description, based on the fish caught at the Kyushu-Palau Ridge); and G. crosnieri, apparently endemic species in the Philippines waters. Clear diagnostic differences between these species were established, the structure of the caudal fin of G. ambiortus was described for the first time, and it turned out to be specific within the genus; the importance of individual morphological features in species diagnostics is discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Notes

  1. 1.

    According to the first description, the eye of the G. macrophthalmus specimen from the Kyushu-Palau Ridge is somewhat smaller (2.2–2.4 times in the head length), but its size also always exceeds the postorbital length (in all nine specimens); the ratio oo : po, calculated originally by the author of this study and based on data of the first description (Katayama et al., 1982. P. 372. Table 1), varies between 1.04–1.23. However, it cannot be excluded that this difference can be associated with growth, since specimens of the sample series are much larger than those investigated within the present study (SL 95–119 mm).

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    Anderson, W.D., Jr. and Johnson, G.D., Two new species of callanthiid fishes of the genus Grammatonotus (Percoidei: Callanthiidae) from Pohnpei, western Pacific, Zootaxa, 2017, vol. 4243, no. 1, pp. 187–194.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Anderson, W.D., Jr., Greene, B.D., and Rocha, L.A., Grammatonotus brianne, a new callanthiid fish from Philippine waters, with short accounts of two other Grammatonotus from the Coral Triangle, Zootaxa, 2016, vol. 4173, no. 3, pp. 289–295.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Günther, A., Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger in the years 1873–1876, in Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger in the Years 1873–76, Vol. 1, Part 6: Zoology, London: Longmans, 1880, pp. 1–82.

  4. 4

    Katayama, M., Yamamoto, E., and Yamakawa, T., A review of the serranid fish genus Grammatonotus with description of a new species, Jpn. J. Ichthyol., 1982, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 368–374.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Prokofiev, A.M., Grammatonotus ambiortus sp. nova: a new species of Callanthiids (Perciformes) from the western tropical Pacific, J. Ichthyol., 2006, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 13–17.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Prokofiev, A.M., Finding of Grammatonotus ambiortus (Callanthiidae) and Acanthaphritis ozawai (Percophidae) in the waters of eastern Micronesia, J. Ichthyol., 2015, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 278–281.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I am grateful to G. Duhamel (MNHN) for the opportunity to work with the collection of the Paris National Museum of Natural History and the managers of this collection for a variety of technical assistance. The study of the ichthyofauna of the tropical Western Pacific was performed within the framework of the state assignment no. 0149-2018-0033; the study of the morphology and systematics of the generalized percoid fishes was performed in the framework of the state assignment no. 0109-2018-0076. The article was written with partial financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 16-04-00365, and the lacking financial support was supplied by the author’s private means.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. M. Prokofiev.

Additional information

Translated by D. Martynova

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Prokofiev, A.M. Notes on the Splendid Perches of Genus Grammatonotus (Callanthiidae) of the Tropical Western Pacific (Philippines, New Caledonia, Vanuatu). J. Ichthyol. 58, 445–454 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S003294521804015X

Download citation

Keywords:

  • Grammatonotus
  • morphology
  • systematics
  • Western Pacific islands