Skip to main content

Redescription of the trichiurid fish, Trichiurus nitens Garman, 1899, being a valid of species distinct from T. lepturus Linnaeus, 1758 (Perciformes: Trichiuridae)


Trichiurus nitens Garman, 1899 was reassessed on the basis of the syntype and non-type specimens, and considered to represent a valid species. Although difficult to distinguish from T. lepturus Linnaeus, 1758 in most head and body proportions, T. nitens differs from the former in having lower number of dorsal fin rays (range 121–124 vs. range 132–135), caudal fin vertebrae (116–120 vs. 128–134), total vertebrae (153–156 vs. 168–173), larger dermal eye opening (mean 18.8% vs. 16.1% of HL), shorter upper jaw length (36.2% vs. 38.6% of HL), and shorter snout length (32.9% vs. 34.9% of HL). T. nitens is currently known only inhabit from the Northeast Pacific to Southeast Pacific (from California, Mexico, Panama to Peru).

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. A. L. Burhanuddin, Y. Iwatsuki, T. Yoshino, S. Kimura, “Small and Valid Species of Trichiurus brevis Wang and You, 1992 and T. russelli Dutt and Thankam, 1966, Defined as the ‘T. russelli Complex’ (Perciformes; Trichiuridae),” Ichthyol. Res. 49, 211–223 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. C. M. Breder, Jr., Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California. Bull Bingham Oceanogr Collect. (Yale Univ., 1936), Vol. 2(art. 3), pp. 1–56.

    Google Scholar 

  3. S. Garman, The Fishes,” in Reports on an Exploration off the West Coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands in Charges of Alexander Aggassiz, by the U. S. Fish Commission Steamer “Albatross, during 1891,” Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv. 24(26), 69–70 (1899).

    Google Scholar 

  4. C. L. Hubbs and K. F. Lagler, “Fishes of the Great Lakes Region,” Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 26, 1–213 (1958).

    Google Scholar 

  5. C. L. Hubbs and C. Hubbs, “Pacific Cutlassfish, Trichiurius nitens Garman,” Calf Fish Game 27(1), 29–30 (1941).

    Google Scholar 

  6. A. E. Leviton, R. H. Gibbs, E. Heal, and C. E. Dawson, “Standards in Herpetology and Ichthyology: Part I. Standard Symbolic Codes for Institutional Resource Collections in Herpetology and Ichthyology,” Copeia, 802–832 (1985)

  7. S. V. Mikhailin, “Materials on the Distribution and Biology of Lepidopus xantusi Goode et Bean and Trichiurus nitens Garman (Trichiuridae) in the Southeast Pacific,” Vopr. Ikhtiol. 23(3), 366–372 (1982).

    Google Scholar 

  8. I. Nakamura and N. V. Parin, FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15: Snake Mackerels and Cutlassfishes of the World (Families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of the Snake Mackerels, Snoeks, Escolars, Gemfishes, Sackfishes, Domine, Oilfish, Cutlassfishes, Scabbardfishes, Hairtails and Frost-fishes Known to Date (FAO, Rome, 1993).

    Google Scholar 

  9. A. J. Rojo, Dictionary of Evolutionary Fish Osteology (CRC, Boca Raton, United States, 1991)

    Google Scholar 

  10. D. W. Tucker, “Studies on the Trichiurid Fishes-3. A Preliminary Revision of the Family Trichiuridae,” Bull. Brit. Mus. (NH) Zool., No. 4, 73–130 (1956).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. I. Burhanuddin.

Additional information

The text was submitted by the authors in English.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Burhanuddin, A.I., Parin, N.V. Redescription of the trichiurid fish, Trichiurus nitens Garman, 1899, being a valid of species distinct from T. lepturus Linnaeus, 1758 (Perciformes: Trichiuridae). J. Ichthyol. 48, 825–830 (2008).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Lateral Line
  • Barb
  • Head Length
  • Valid Species
  • Great Lake Region