Skip to main content
Log in

The Effect of Atmosphere Composition on the Mechanism of Destruction of a Boride Coating on the Surface of a Die Steel during Thermal Cycling

  • Published:
Physics of Metals and Metallography Aims and scope Submit manuscript


The state of the surface and structure of the diffusion boride coating on the substrate of die steel have been studied after thermal cycling under a constant load of 193 N in hydrogen, nitrogen, and air atmospheres. It is shown that the degradation of boride coating in air occurs due to the development of oxidative processes beneath the coating at the boundary with the steel substrate. In air and nitrogen atmospheres, thermal cycling causes cracking of the boride coating with the formation of quasi-periodic cracks that damage only the boride layer and do not penetrate the steel. Thermal cycling in reducing and inert atmospheres leads to an increase in the values of the microhardness and elastic modulus of the coating due to the diffusion of nitrogen and hydrogen into (Fe,Cr)2B borides.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 8.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Yu. M. Lakhtin and B. N. Arzamasov, Chemico-Thermal Treatment of Metals (Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  2. V. F. Labunets, L. G. Voroshnin, and M. V. Kindarchuk, Wear Resistant Boride Coatings (Tekhnika, Kiev, 1989) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  3. S. V. Zagulyaeva, A. K. Denisyuk, and L. S. Makashova, “Boronizing and resistance of steel and cast iron to thermal erosion,” Met. Sci. Heat Treat. 41, 473–475 (1999).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. A. M. Gur’ev, L. G. Voroshinin, and B. D. Lygdenov, “Thermocycling and chemical-thermal strengthening of tool steels,” Polzunovskii Vestnik, pp. 36–43 (2005).

    Google Scholar 

  5. H. J. Goldschmidt, Interstitial Alloys (Butterworths, London, 1967; Mir, Moscow, 1971).

  6. Properties, Production, and Application of Refractory Compounds. A Handbook, Ed. by T. Ya. Kosolapova (Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  7. Ya. B. Chernov, A. I. Anfinogenov, and N. I. Shurov, Boronizing of Steels in Ionic Solutions (Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, 2001) [in Russian].

  8. B. N. Guzanov, S. V. Kositsyn, and N. B. Pugacheva, Reinforcing Protective Coatings in Mechanical Engineering (Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, 2004) [in Russian].

  9. A. V. Kolubaev, S. Yu. Tarasov, and G. V. Trusova, “Structure and properties of single-phase boride coatings,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Chern. Metall., No. 7, 49–51 (1994).

  10. S. Yu. Tarasov, G. V. Trusova, and A. V. Kolubaev, “Structural features of boride coatings of tribotechnical destination,” Metalloved. Term. Obrab., No. 6, 35–38 (1995).

  11. M. Keddam and M. Kulka, “Simulation of the growth kinetics of FeB and Fe2B layers on AISI D2 steel by the integral method,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 119, 860–869 (2018).

    Google Scholar 

  12. M. Keddam, M. Kulka, and N. Makuch, “Modeling of the growth kinetics of boride layers during the diffusion annealing process,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 119, 927–935.

  13. N. B. Pugacheva, T. M. Bykova, and E. B. Trushina, “The effect of the base composition on the structure and properties of diffusion boride coatings,” Uprochnyayushchie Tekhnologii I Pokrytiya, No. 4, 3–7 (2013).

  14. N. B. Pugacheva, E. B. Trushina, and T. M. Bykova, “Research on the tribological properties of iron borides as diffusion coatings,” J. Frict. Wear 35, 489–496 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. N. B. Pugacheva, L. M. Zamaraev, E. B. Trushina, A. N. Zamyatin, T. M. Gurchenko, “Features of the destruction of a diffusion boride coating on carbon steel under thermal cycling under load,” Uprochnyayushchie Tekhnologii i Pokrytiya, No. 3, 24–30 (2011).

    Google Scholar 

  16. GOST R 8.748–2011 (ISO 14577-1: 2002). Metals and Alloys. Measurement of Hardness and Other Characteristics of Materials During Instrumental Indentation (Standartinform, Moscow, 2012), p. 32 [in Russian].

  17. Yu. V. Milman, S. I. Chugunova, and I. V. Goncharova, “Plasticity determined by indentation and theoretical plasticity of materials,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 73, 1215–1221 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This work was performed using the equipment of Center for Collective Use Plastometriya at the Institute of Engineering Science, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, in accordance with State assignment under topic no. AAAA-A18-118020790145-0.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to T. M. Bykova.

Additional information

Translated by O. Kadkin

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pugacheva, N.B., Bykova, T.M. & Zamaraev, L.M. The Effect of Atmosphere Composition on the Mechanism of Destruction of a Boride Coating on the Surface of a Die Steel during Thermal Cycling. Phys. Metals Metallogr. 121, 590–596 (2020).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: