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Interfacial Microstructure and Its Influence on Resistivity of Thin Layers Copper Cladding Steel Wires


The interfacial microstructure and resistivity of cold-drawn and annealed thin layers copper cladding steel (CCS) wires have been systematically investigated by the methods of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and resistivity testing. The results showed that the Cu and Fe atoms near interface diffused into each other matrixes. The Fe atoms diffused into Cu matrixes and formed a solid solution. The mechanism of solid solution is of substitution type. When the quantity of Fe atoms exceeds the maximum solubility, the supersaturated solid solution would form Fe clusters and decompose into base Cu and α-Fe precipitated phases under certain conditions. A few of α-Fe precipitates was observed in the copper near Cu/Fe interfaces of cold-drawn CCS wires, with 1–5 nm in size. A number of α-Fe precipitates of 1–20 nm in size can be detected in copper near Cu/Fe interfaces of CCS wires annealed at 850°C. When annealing temperature was less than 750°C, the resistivity of CCS wires annealed was lower than that of cold-drawn CCS wires. However, when annealing temperature was above 750°C, the resistivity of CCS wires was greater than that of cold-drawn CCS wires and increased with rising the annealing temperature. The relationship between nanoscale α-Fe precipitation and resistivity of CCS wires has been well discussed.

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Correspondence to Hongjuan Li.

Additional information

Published in Russian in Fizika Metallov i Metallovedenie, 2018, Vol. 119, No. 4, pp. 350–356.

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Li, H., Ding, Z. & Zhao, R. Interfacial Microstructure and Its Influence on Resistivity of Thin Layers Copper Cladding Steel Wires. Phys. Metals Metallogr. 119, 332–338 (2018).

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  • CCS wires
  • annealing treatment
  • interfacial microstructure
  • electrical properties